Thursday, July 29, 2010

Free PC TV

If you are looking for free PC TV you are most likely talking about Internet TV. This is primarily made up of traditional TV programs that are available free and legally over the airwaves. These programs have been made available over the internet as the result of several factors such as the increase in Internet connection speeds, the total number of people now online, and the decrease in connection costs. This free PC TV service comes in four different varieties:

TV channels which exist only on the internet (legal to watch on free PC TV). � These stations can originate from anywhere in the world but are most frequently are found at universities, government agencies, some corporations and many start up networks. The universities are providing experience in running a real TV station to their students. Government agencies use their service to inform the public. Corporations cloud their broadcast as public service but in reality they are usually infomercials, which do provide a public service however biased it may be. Finally, broadcasting over the internet is a much less expensive way for a new startup network to establish itself.

Traditional stations that simulcast live on the net. (legal to watch on free PC TV) � Some TV stations simulcast their local programs to increase the number of viewers to help increase their advertising revenue.

Traditional stations making select content available on demand at their website. (legal to watch on free PC TV) - This is very popular service for news channels and the news departments of local TV stations. Many people are too busy to watch the regular news broadcasts during their slotted times and most people just do not bother to tape the news. However, they will go online and watch the reports that they missed.

Traditional TV stations making extra content exclusively for their website. (legal to watch on free PC TV) � Some of the TV stations are trying to gain viewer loyalty and provide an exclusive source of advertising revenue by offering internet only specialty niche programs.

So there is quite a bit of free PC TV available on the internet. However, you won�t find the current prime time programs available to be watched on free PC TV.

Wednesday, July 28, 2010

Free Download TV Commercials

Can you find free download TV commercials? There are several website in existence where you can find free download TV commercials and there are others where only some of the downloads are free. There are still other web sites that require you to upload a commercial before you can download several of them.

One such web site is AdLand. It touts itself as �an advertising rag site made by the ad grunts who populate it.� This irreverent website began as a website in 1996 and eventually turned into a blog around 2000. It is a community site where members can post their comments, opinions and whatever so long as it relates to television commercials. There is also a moderator who approves or rejects all posts and links. If downloading commercials is your thing, free download TV commercials can be found at

It is hard for me to imagine why so many people spend so much time watching, discussing, downloading and uploading TV commercials. Half of the population does everything in their power to avoid watching commercials. VCRs and the newer digital recorders make it possible to never watch an annoying commercial again. Free download TV commercials May exist but I certainly would not waste the time and effort to get any of them. On the rare occasions I really like a television commercial and I have to admit that I find some of them hilarious and there have even been one or two that were actually inspiring. Even so, I don�t want to watch them dozens or hundreds of times a month.

I admit that I enjoy watching those �Greatest Commercials� specials. I do appreciate the skill, imagination and humor that go into producing a good free download TV commercials even if I hate watching them. Ok, I admit that sometimes the commercials do provide information on an interesting event or product that I do some follow up research on. I also grudging admit, there are some benefits and value to commercials. I just don�t want to be forced to watch them hundreds of times over a short time period. Anyway, if you really are into free download TV commercials check out this web site and download to your heart�s content.

Tuesday, July 27, 2010

Fox Television Shows

REUNION � a FOX television shows that presents a totally new concept in series television as it records the lives of a group of six friends over the course of 20 years in a single season. The story is revealed during the investigation of one of the friends murders and tells the story of how each of them got to this place through a series of flash backs. It tells what the hopes and dreams of the 18-year-olds were and the realities that exist two decades later.

24 - a FOX television shows that each season takes place within one 24 hour day. Jack Bauer is the head of an elite team of the CIA�s Counter Terrorism Unit (CTU) agents who uncover various terrorist plots in each season and overcome them although not without the lose of loved ones or careers. In other words, when they break the rules or screw up, they suffer the consequences.
The Simpsons - a FOX television shows prime time cartoon series that is about an animated family makes their home in Springfield, USA. Homer, Marge, Bart, Lisa, and Maggie are going strong. It was the first primetime animated show that was treated like a sitcom since "The Flintstones" quietly left the air in 1966. It is hardcore adult material that appeals to all audiences. While there are usually situations that may not be suitable for all viewers, "The Simpsons" works because of great comedy with good value lessons that can be derived from most of the episodes. The family may be animated, but they are just as complicated and vulnerable as the real people watching them.

King of the Hill - a FOX television shows and it is a second prime cartoon starring Hank Hill. Hill is the last of a dying breed because he is reasonably honest, reasonably moral, works hard, believes in American craftsmanship, and he loves his dysfunctional family. He is a political conservative. And his conservative point of view doesn't always make him very sympathetic in some cases.

Hank's wife, Peggy, is a warm, loving and caring person at heart, but is an over confident and under educated substitute Spanish teacher who strives to do her best, but her over confidence leads to decisions where she makes a fool of herself. The kids are just plain dysfunctional. From a noting little network a few years ago, the quality of some of the FOX television shows has made it a network causing the big boys to watch their backs.

Monday, July 26, 2010

First Television Show In Syndication

The first television show in syndication was Sea Hunt which was a TV series about a scuba diver named, Mike Nelson. Nelson was played by actor, Lloyd Bridges, the father of actors Beau and Jeff Bridges. Sea Hunt was an underwater adventure series created long before scuba diving became a popular sport. The program introduced millions of Americans to the wonders of the under water world of the ocean with all of it fascinating and sometimes terrifying creatures. The show was syndicated by Ziv Television Programs, Inc. Ziv not only sold the first television show in syndication but became the first major first run syndication company producing several long-lived series of the 1950s by selling them directly to regional sponsors who then sold the programs to local stations.

In addition to the first television show in syndication, some of the other syndicated program that Ziv sold were Highway Patrol (a cop show starring Broderick Crawford), Superman (the first TV program about the comic book hero) and Mr. Ed (the notorious talking horse.)

The first television show in syndication began the new era of TV series syndication. Syndication is where a production company offers programs that it creates to independent small networks or local TV stations to add to their programming lineup. Under the Financial Interest and Syndication Rules established in the 1960s, even if the production company sells the program to a national network, the copyright reverts back to the production company after the program has been aired the number of times specified in their contract. This became an extremely important law to protect production companies since the national TV networks tend cancel even successful TV shows the minute their ratings begin to slip.

Since the day the first television show in syndication was aired, many production companies have begun to protect their investments by adding the ability to syndicate a TV series that is still playing on the network by changing the tile of the show. Everything else stays the same. As a result, Ironsides became The Raymond Burr Show when it went into syndication. The networks allow this because a series with a changed title loses most of its established audience. The name can be changed back to the original as soon as the network run or season is over depending on the contract particulars. The first television show in syndication, Sea Hunt, created an entirely new TV industry.

Sunday, July 25, 2010

First Inventor Of Television

On September 7, 2002, we celebrated the 75th anniversary of the invention on modern television broadcasting. Philo Farnsworth is the first inventor of television because he was inventor of the electron beam device that scanned an image at 8.000 dots per inch and transmitted it to a receiving device that then converted it back into an image and displayed it on a screen for viewing, His device could transmit images at 20 images (frames) a second which could accurately record and display motion. Farnsworth demonstrated this device in 1927. He received a patent for it in 1930. Farnsworth, the first inventor of television, was 21 years old.

But another inventor named Vladimir Zworykin, an employee of RCA, had patented a device called the RCA iconoscope in 1925 that was basically a very primitive video camera. After Farnsworth�s successful demonstration, David Sarnoff, president of RCA, immediately sued Farnsworth, the first inventor of television, for patent infringement. Sarnoff didn�t want to have to pay Farnsworth a royalty for his invention, especially when he owned a patent for a similar device.

When Farnsworth, the first inventor of television, was 14, the world knew that if a picture could be transmitted frame by frame, the human eye would see it as moving as long as enough frames were sent fast enough. The existing technology was based on breaking up the picture using mechanical disks with holes drilled in concentric patterns that would spin and capture the light coming off the object. The light was sent to a selenium device connected to a device that could turn the light into sound and it was broadcast to a receiver where the process was reversed and the picture projected onto a screen.

The technology worked but it had a serious limitation. The amount of light needed for the mechanical devices to work generated so much heat, it wasn�t practical to use with living subjects. Actors could only safely stay near the lights for a few minutes at a time. The cathode Ray Tube had already been invented and young Farnsworth was convinced that it was the solution to the problem. While plowing the family field he realized that a picture could be scanned line by line similar to the rows in the field. He made a sketch of his camera tube when he was 15 years old that he gave to his science teacher. His teacher kept the original sketch and produced it years later to help Farnsworth, the first inventor of television, to win his legal battle with RCA.

By the time the World War II was over and television became the thing to have, Farnsworth�s patents were about to expire and he sold his patents and Farnsworth, the first inventor of television, devoted the rest of his life to the study of nuclear fusion.

The thing that is really puzzling is why RCA didn�t just buy Farnsworth�s patents and then develop the commercial applications for television. After all, Farnsworth was the first inventor of television, not a businessman and eventually did sell his patents. Sarnoff spent millions to have himself and Zworykin declared the first inventor of television. I guess some people just have very serious ego problems.

Thursday, July 22, 2010

Cable TV Cable Routing Instructions

The follow article explains cable TV cable routing instructions. First we need to define some of the common terms used in describing different kinds of TV set cable configurations. Each configuration requires different cable TV cable routing instructions.

1. Cable-Ready Television � a TV set designed to receive channels 2 through 60 without a converter box.
2. Cable-Ready TV with VCR � this set up gives you the option of running your cable service through your VCR and does not require a converter box to get regular cable channels
3. Non Cable-Ready TV with VCR - An older TV that can only receive channels 2-13. However if you connect it to a VCR, you can receive all of the channels that the VCR can receive.
4. Any TV with Converter Box � The converter box will allow you to receive all of the channels offered by tyour cable provider including premimum and pay-per-view channels.
5. Any TV with VCR and Converter box � will allow you to tape the program you are watching or tape programs when not at home.

Hooking Everything Up

The cable TV cable routing instructions for each configuration described above is provided below.
1. Cable-Ready Television � connect the end of the co-axial cable that comes out of the wall to the �in� connector on the back of the TV set. You will be able to get channels 2 through 60.
2. Cable-Ready TV with VCR � connect the end of the co-axial cable that comes out of the wall to the �in� connector on the back of the VCR. Connect a separate coaxial cable to the �out� connector on the VCR and to the �in� connector on the TV set. You will be able to get all of the channels that the VCR can receive.
3. Non Cable-Ready TV with VCR - connect the end of the co-axial cable that comes out of the wall to the �in� connector on the back of the VCR. Connect a separate coaxial cable to the �out� connector on the VCR and to the �in� connector on the TV set. You will be able to get all of the channels that the VCR can receive.
4. Any TV with Converter Box � connect the end of the co-axial cable that comes out of the wall to the �in� connector on the back of the converter. Connect a separate coaxial cable to the �out� connector on the converter and to the �in� connector on the TV set. You will be able to get all of the channels your cable service provides.
5. Any TV with VCR and Converter box - connect the end of the co-axial cable that comes out of the wall to the �in� connector on the back of the converter. Connect a separate coaxial cable to the �out� connector on the converter and to the �in� connector on the VCR set. Use a second coaxial cable and connect it to the �out� connector on the VCR and to the �in� connector on the TV set. You will be able to get all of the channels your cable service provides, tape the program you are watching or tape programs when you are not at home.

If you follow the cable TV cable routing instructions, the connectors must be screwed on all the way, or attached as tightly as possible. Tight connections assure a good signal and clear program reception. If the setup does not work, disconnect everything and start over again and be sure you follow the cable TV cable routing instructions exactly.

Wednesday, July 21, 2010

Benefits of Watching Television

What are the benefits of watching television? TV is a inescapable part of our modern lives. Nearly 98% of all households have at least one TV. In most, cases, people who don�t own or watch TV do so for religious reasons. Our society depends on TV for many different things such as world news, educational programs, entertainment, weather forecasting, sports, movies, and witnessing the live performance of the great musical entertainers. With over 500 channels available on satellite or cable networks, we can watch almost anything, any time, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. There are both benefits of watching television and dangers as well.

One of the primary benefits of watching television is that it allows people to see and hear things they could not participate in any other way. There is programming for every taste imaginable from outright pornography to high quality cultural enrichment events.

Another benefits of watching television is that is can be used to create family time based on a couple of shows that the family can watch together as a family. Some benefits of watching television are designed especially for children such as:
� Television allows children to experience the cultures of people different from themselves.
� Watching programs together can be quality family time for all family members.
� TV can be used as an incentive for children to go to the library or the internet and do research on a topic they watched on TV and are interested in learning more about the subject.
� TV can teach children what the expected norms of our society are with regards to manners and other social graces.
� Programs portraying controversial or sensitive issues can be used as basis to discuss these issues as a family.

While there are just as many negative aspects to televisions as there are benefits of watching television, like most things, TV can be as good or as bad as you want it to be. It is up to you as an individual to select programs that uplift you and make you a more interesting and knowledgeable person. As a parent, you must pay attention to what your children watch. The worst thing you can do is use the television as a cheap babysitter. If you select good programs for yourself and your children, your family can reap all of the benefits of watching television.

Monday, July 19, 2010

Cleveland Television News

Cleveland television news departments service the city of Cleveland Ohio and the surrounding metropolitan area of Ohio. Cleveland is the county seat of Cuyahoga County. The population of the city is approximately 480,000 making it the 33rd city in the nation in population. The surrounding metro Cleveland area has almost 3 million people. This quaint city is located on the southern shore of Lake Erie on one side and the Cuyahoga River on another. Cleveland is approximately 60 miles west from the Pennsylvania border. This entire area of the state is served by the Cleveland television news from the local TV stations.

According to one report on Cleveland television news, the city was named after General Moses Cleveland the leader of the surveying party hired to layout the original city approximately one month after white settlers signed a treaty with the local Native Americans to purchase the land in 1796. The city is surrounded by swamps and marshland which made the harsh winters challenging. But when the Ohio and Erie canals were completed, the city began to rapidly expand because it provided a key link between the Ohio Rive and Lake Erie for the iron ore and cola shipments that used the great lakes waterway.

Cleveland television news is provided nightly with coverage for both the local news happening, national news, sports, weather and several news commentary programs. Each of the following Cleveland television news stations broadcast daily:

� Channel 3 WKYC - an NBC Cleveland television news affiliate. Veteran newscaster Dick Moore is the news director.
� Channel 5 WEWS � an ABC Cleveland television news affiliate. Veteran newscaster Lynn Heider is the news director
� Channel 8 WJW � a FOX Cleveland television news affiliate.
� Channel 19 WOIO � a CBS Cleveland television news affiliate. Veteran newscaster Steve Doerr is the news director
� Channel 23 WVPX � a PAX Cleveland television news affiliate
� Channel 25 WVIZ � a PBS Cleveland television news affiliate. Veteran newscaster Dave Piganelli is the news director
� Channel 43 WUAB � a UPN Cleveland television news affiliate.
� Channel 55 WBNX � a WB Cleveland television news affiliate.
� Channel 61 WQHS � a Univision Cleveland television news affiliate. Veteran newscaster Larry Stine is the news director

Sunday, July 18, 2010

Arts Entertainment TV

Arts entertainment TV is provided primarily by the arts and entertainment network. This arts entertainment TV network offers a wide variety of programming designed to expand your mental horizons such as history, entire shows about various artists and art techniques, current events, popular culture, true reality shows as opposed to the contrived �reality� shows seen on network television, nature and the very popular biography series where they present the factual biography of famous people both past and present.

Arts entertainment TV is provided primarily on three different channels, the arts & entertainment, the history channel and the new biography channel. All of these channels are provided by the cable network services and have over 88 million subscribers. These channels are usually a part of the family package with most cable providers. Recently, the award winning biography program has been expanded into an entire biography channel. These programs reach about 230 million people in over 130 countries around the world.

Arts entertainment TV is a joint venture between the Hearst corporation, Disney�s American Broadcasting Company (ABC) and the National Broadcasting Company (NBC). A&E network is an award winning international broadcasting service that offers television programming, original movies, drams series, mystery shows, documentaries, books, music, cds, home videos, online and on air magazines in addition to educational programs. The channel has won numerous Emmy Awards over the years. To learn more about them visit

Arts entertainment TV History channel provides an excellent opportunity for people to learn about the past. The provide reenactments of famous events in history with discussions that look at the physical evidence, the written records and if controversies exists, they will present all sides of the argument. The history channel was awarded the Governor�s Award from the Television Academy or f Arts and sciences for the quality of their programming. To learn more about them visit

Arts entertainment TV Biography channel presents the award winning biography series. After years of this program running on the A & E network, they had such an extensive archive that there was enough material to branch out and provide 24 hours a day of the stories of the most exceptional people throughout history. To learn more about Arts entertainment TV Biography channel, visit

Cable TV Reception Problems

In the early days, cable tv reception problems were frequent and frustrating. And many cable tv reception problems were not the fault of the subscriber.

One of the most frequent early cable tv reception problems was caused by distance. The television signal was received by an antenna or dish and then had to be routed to subscribers who often lived some distance from the original source. But these cable tv reception problems were not something a subscriber could fix.

However, there are a number of things a subscriber can do to help eliminate cable tv reception problems. One big thing is to make certain the cable is properly connected to your television. Most cable companies will do this when they install the service.

But often TV�s get disconnected and moved or hardware, such as a DVD player, is added to your system. When this happens, you open the door to cable tv reception problems. So always double check your connections after moving a television or adding a new device.

When checking cable tv reception problems, take a close look at both the cable leading into the back of your television and the connectors. Make certain the cable is not damaged and the center pin of the coaxial connector extends beyond the front of the connector body by 1/8".

If everything looks fine and you are still experiencing cable tv reception problems, try connecting a different TV to your wall jack. It could be that your cable tv reception problems are being caused by your TV and not the cable.

If the TV checks out okay, it is probably the coaxial cable that is causing your cable tv reception problems. Even if it looks all right, you should try replacing it. Coaxial cable is not expensive; particularly in short lengths so don�t hesitate to apply this remedy.

Also, if you have a VCR or DVD player and you are experiencing cable tv reception problems on all channels except channel 3, make sure the VCR is turned off or is in the TV mode. Another way to check the VCR or DVD for cable tv reception problems is to bypass the player and plug the TV directly into the cable wall jack.

Cable tv reception problems can be frustrating. And if all else fails, call your cable provider. They should be willing to send someone to personally check on your cable tv reception problems. After all, it is to their best interest to see that your service is free of any troublesome cable tv reception problems...whether on your end or theirs.

Thursday, July 15, 2010

Arab Network Television

Arab network television has played a key if rather disputed role in the Afghan war. Some of the best pictures from this never ending war came from the Arab network television rather than the war correspondents from the major Western news networks. The Arab network television provided pictures such as:
� Osama bin Laden flanked by his chief aides in an Afghan mountain hideout.
� A bin Laden spokesman delivering a chilling threat that the "storm of airplanes will not be calmed."
� Pictures of young children bruised and bandaged in Kabul hospital beds after US military bombing raids in Afghanistan.

These exclusive news photos are the work of Al Jazeera, a pan-Arab satellite television news station based in the tiny oil sheikdom. It has become a major news station in Arab network television. With over 35 million regular viewers in the Middle East, they have emerged at the most watched and credible news source in the region. Now it is playing a major role in formulating the public perceptions of everything the US does in Afghanistan and now even in Iraq.

Many people around the world criticize the Arab network television for stirring up unrest in these war torn countries by broadcasting Bin Laden call for jihad against the great Satan, the United States. The debate is divided between those who believe in free press at any cost and others that want to end or minimize the blood shed. Now Al Jazeera is caught in the middle of this debate. As the only television news station to be permitted to remain in Taliban controlled areas, they even seem to enjoy the confidence of the Taliban forces.

This Arab network television station has the same kind of exclusive status that was granted to CNN in Baghdad during the Gulf War. At that time, CNN came under fire for being used as a propaganda machine for Saddam Hussein, even though they denied it. They said they were just telling the world what the dictator was saying.

Now, similar allegations are being leveled at Al Jazeera, a member of Arab network television. According to Al Jazeera, there is no truth in the charges. They are covering what they see as a news event and they are covering it from a media viewpoint and not a political viewpoint. �What good is freedom of the press, if you can only use it during good times and not during times of crisis?� asked the chairman of the company. Arab network television will continue to report the news from an Arab point of view.

Antique Televisions

The earliest antique televisions commercially manufactured TV set were made by RCA (Radio Corporation of America). RCA was a major player in the development of television for commercial purposes. David Sarnoff, then chairman of RCA spent a fortune trying to convince the world that RCA invented the first television set. Of course, RCA did not really invent the TV. Britain�s John Baird invented the first working mechanical scanning TV in 1926 and the American inventor Philo Farnsworth invented the first working electronic scanning TV in 1927.

There are still a lot of antique televisions still around some of the sets actually still are in working condition. The picture on the right is of the first antique televisions manufactured after world war two in 1946. There were 17,000 of these sets built. As you can see from the picture this was a handsome piece of furniture that would look nice in any living room.

1946 RCA Model 621 TS

Another antique televisions is this third production set manufactured by RCA was the 721 TS model. It has a 10" CRT black and white viewing screen. It has very a very nice hand worked wooden cabinet. This was a table top set. They furniture manufactures didn�t stat making stands for specific models until the 1950s. As you can see there is a program playing on the screen in the picture at the right.

1947 RCA Model 721 TS

In 1950 RCA made the Model 2T51 "The Shelby" It was the first antique televisions to be given a name instead of just a number. The picture shows a restored set that has been refinished and refurbished to bring it into working condition. It had an enormous 12 inch CRT viewing screen.

1950 RCA Shelby

This antique televisions was the first production color TV. Again it was made by RCA. It was designated as Model# 21-CD-8865 Chassis CTC-7C and called "The Anderson". It has a 21 inch CRT viewing screen. As you can see in the picture on the right, this was a floor model TV. The viewing screen is really too low for comfortable viewing if you are sitting in easy chair.


These antique televisions show the humble beginnings that the TV set had. The interesting thing is that after the color set was introduced, the basic appearance of the TV set did not significantly change until the introduction of LCD sets in the 1990s because as long as there were based on the CRT, they could be changed radically. Antique televisions can be found occasionly on ebay for sale.

Tuesday, July 13, 2010

1970 Variety TV Shows

When you talk about variety shows, people often think of the fifties. But 1970 variety tv shows were also among some of television�s greatest hits. Some of these1970 variety tv shows included Flip Wilson, Carol Burnett, Rowan & Martin Laugh-in, Sonny & Cher, and Tony Orlando.

During the sixties, the variety show all but disappeared. But the 1970 variety tv shows brought back this format to thunderous applause and high ratings.

Part of the success of the 1970 variety tv shows can be attributed to color television. In the fifties, almost all television was broadcast in black and white. But by 1970, there were 37 million color sets in the U.S. Colorful costumes and elaborate sets were the perfect showcase for 1970 variety tv shows broadcast in color.

One of the most successful of the 1970 variety tv shows was Flip Wilson. When it debuted in the fall of 1970, it instantly became a favorite of audiences and within that first season grew to become the highest rated show on television.

You will still hear several catch phrases from The Flip Wilson show which remain as reminders of the era of the 1970 variety tv shows. Two of the more popular phrases are, "The devil made me do it", and "What you see is what you get".

Another popular program from the decade of the 1970 variety tv shows featured Carol Burnett. It actually debuted in the late sixties but ran throughout most of the seventies.

During this time, it was often heralded as one of the best of the 1970 variety tv shows. It reaped a harvest of emmys including three for best variety show. Reruns are still popular and many of the shows can now be purchased on DVD.

The 1970 variety tv shows also helped launch the careers of a number of entertainers. One of the most notable of these is Goldie Hawn who is still enormously popular today.

Another benefit of the 1970 variety tv shows was the opportunity it gave established entertainers to showcase their talents. Guest appearances on the 1970 variety tv shows were responsible for reviving more than one sagging career.

Every now and then, a new variety show still debuts. But the 1970 variety tv shows really brought an end to this form of television entertainment. Which is unfortunate. The 1970 variety tv shows offered true entertainment for the entire family. No other format has ever had the same universal appeal as those wonderful 1970 variety tv shows.

Sunday, July 11, 2010

17 LCD TV Ratings

Interested in buying a LCD (liquid crystal display) television. Let�s take a look at 17 LCD tv ratings. We chose 17 LCD tv ratings because this is one of the most popular sizes. The 17, of course, stands for 17 inches.

The first thing to look at when considering 17 LCD tv ratings is the popularity of brands. Which brands are selling best. Which models within these brands do buyers prefer.

But there is one huge problem when considering these 17 LCD tv ratings. They change overnight. A particular brand and model may be highly touted in 17 LCD tv ratings and end up not even being shipped the next month. So always make certain your 17 LCD tv ratings are as up-to-date as possible.

The reason that 17 LCD tv ratings become obsolete so quickly is due to the continuing introduction of new advances. In fact, in the world of television, the LCD field is probably changing more rapidly than any other.

Here are some things to look for when consulting 17 LCD tv ratings.

Of primary importance is picture quality. This is one of the first considerations you�ll find in most 17 LCD tv ratings. Normally the picture quality will be very good but there are always exceptions.

Another factor you�ll also find listed within 17 LCD tv ratings is the ease of using controls. Are they convenient to reach and simple to adjust?

Design also comes in for a close look within 17 LCD tv ratings. Because LCD sets are only a few inches deep, they are often incorporated into a room as a design element. So it�s important that the television has sleek lines and an attractive appearance.

There are, of course, a number of other factors that go into any 17 LCD tv ratings. However this covers the most important ones you�ll want to consider.

And having said all that, our next piece of advice is to avoid totally relying on 17 LCD tv ratings. Yes...17 LCD tv ratings provide valuable guidelines. Yes...17 LCD tv ratings should be carefully studied. But the final buying decision should never be made without actually seeing the model you are considering. The person compiling the 17 LCD tv ratings may not have the same taste in design and quality that you do. So don�t let others be the sole decision maker for you. See the unit you are interested in...try it. Then and only then, buy it.

Saturday, July 10, 2010

Laguna Beach TV Show

The Laguna Beach TV show is set in one of the wealthiest beach communities in the state of California and quite possibly the entire world. Produced by MTV, the program follows the lives of eight extremely rich and beautiful teenagers who actually live there. The show is based on all of the intricacies of teenage life and the perennial problems of living in a small town. You get to eavesdrop as the Laguna Beach TV show�s stars attend parties, work through family relationships and romance. The show has all the intrigue and drama of a prime time soap opera. However, this is a reality show that goes inside the seeming paradise of this ocean front community, not fiction.

The Laguna Beach TV show is following Lo, LC, Morgan and Christina, the most popular girls in their high school as they get ready to spend their last summer together before going off to college and beginning their adult lives. They decide to hold an large fashion formal �Black and White� affair at the exclusive Surf and Sand hotel on the beach. There is intrigue as the girls decide who to invite to their party. Stephen is a very popular boy that has been LC�s good friend for years. He happens to be dating a junior named Kristin. Now if you remember when you were in high school dating a lower classman was never considered good. LC decides she want to break Stephen and Kristin up because she wants him for herself.

Before the party on the Laguna Beach TV show, Stephen admits to his friends that Kristin is really just a hook up and not really a girlfriend. In fact, he tells them that LC is really his girlfriend, but he is not ready to get exclusive yet. Stephen brings Kristin to the party, where she is the only one who decided to wear a white dress. With all of the interactions between Stephen and LC, it is pretty obvious that Kristin is just a passing fancy.

The Laguna Beach TV show will appeal to teenagers, young adults and probably to a lot of the soap opera fans. As an adult over 30, I find it boring. But then, I don�t like the soaps either. I also don�t particularly like reality shows, but I must admit, the Laguna Beach TV show is better than any of the others reality shows I have seen so far.

Wednesday, July 7, 2010

How Does Television Syndication Work

How does television syndication work? Syndication is just a fancy word for the distribution and selling of TV programs to TV stations around the country and the world. There are several different kinds of syndication: first-run syndication, second-run syndication, off-network syndication, public broadcasting syndication and barter syndication. This article explains how does television syndication work.

How does television syndication work: First Run Syndication � First run syndication programs are programs that are broadcast for the first time as a syndicated program. This can be to any TV station anywhere in the world. The primary difference between selling a program to a network and first-run syndications is when the show is aired. Networks will air a program on all of their affiliate stations at the same time on the same day of the week. First run syndicated shows may run at different times on different stations.

How does television syndication work: Second Run Syndication � Second run syndication usually refers to a network show being run in syndication during the same season that it is being shown on the network stations except it is running on an local network or independent station. A good example is WB�s Charmed that airs on Sunday night on WB but airs as a second-run syndicated program on the following Tuesday night on TNT.

How does television syndication work: Off Network Syndication � Off network syndication is selling a show that originally was bought by a national network. The most common forms are strip syndication and weekly syndication. In strip syndication an entire series is shown five days a week. A good example is Law & Order on TNT. Weekly syndication means the show is shown once a week instead of daily. Shows that didn�t have enough episodes in their original run for strip syndication are frequently shown as weekly programs.

How does television syndication work: Public Broadcasting Syndication � Public broadcasting syndication is strictly for PBS network affiliates and independents. Since these stations offer a completely different type of programming than the rest of the TV stations, a group of productions companies exist to meet their programming needs.

How does television syndication work: Barter Syndication � Barter syndication is where the advertising time slots on a program are sold before it is provided to the local stations. The production company may get all or part of the advertising revenue. Sometimes they split the revenue with the station that broadcasts the show. I hope this article provided an answer to the question, how does television syndication work?

Tuesday, July 6, 2010

How Does A Television Work

How does a television work is a common question asked by people of all ages. Very young children will carefully examine a TV set from all angles and then ask how all the people get inside the TV. While the rest of us are too sophisticated to ask that question, the answer to How does a television work is a mystery to most people.

The answer to How does a television work is both simple and complex. The basic concepts are pretty simple. But how they are implemented is pretty complex. So let�s take a look at the basics. The first thing is to convert the picture into a video signal. Next you need to transmit that signal to a device capable of displaying it. The receiving device turns the signal back into an image and displays it on the screen for you to see. Simple� right?

Converting images to signals
The first part of the answer to How does a television work is digitizing the image. To digitize a picture you must break it down into lines composed of dots (or pixels). The image is �scanned� using a device that can break the image into lines. Now that you have the lines of data, you assign a value to each colored pixel using a predefined color palette. All color in the palette are made of various intensities of the three primary colors of red, blue and green. Then the information is encoded into a data stream called a video signal.

Transmitting the images
The second part of the answer to How does a television work is transmitting the image. The data stream is transmitted to a receiving device (in this case a TV set). The transmission is usually by means of ordinary radio waves that are broadcast through the air. However, it can also be transmitted by electrical impulses or even light pulses if it is being set over cable television. No matter which method is used, video signals use up a lot of bandwidth for transmission. Bandwidth is the physical capacity of the transmission media to carry signals. If you visualize each different frequency of sound waves as individual one inch diameter pipes laid side by side, bandwidth is the number of pipes needed to carry the entire video signal so it arrives at the receiver fast enough to be reconstructed in real time.

Displaying the images
The last part of the answer to How does a television work is displaying the image. Basically you just reconstruct the signal by reversing the process used to digitize it. The more pixels you use when scanning the image, the more the reconstructed image will look like the original image. Instead of a scanner, you use an electron gun to shoot electrons at the screen that correspond to the correct colors so the phosphorous on the inside of the picture screen will glow the right color. I hope that the simplified description in this article answers the question how does a television work.

Monday, July 5, 2010

Houston TV Stations

There are a lot of Houston TV stations in the greater Houston area. The Houston metropolitan area is the seventh largest metropolitan area in the country officially defined as a metropolitan area by the US census department. It consists of 10 counties in the south eastern part of Texas. There are approximately 5.3 million people living in the culturally diverse community and includes the neighboring Gulf Coast city of Galveston. The large number of Houston TV stations is due to the fact that the area is ranked as fifth in the country for Hispanic residents and eight for Asian and pacific Islanders. Most network programs are broadcast in both English and Spanish. Many of the Houston TV stations have websites that can be accessed in both English and Spanish as well.

Unlike most areas of the country, most of the major network affiliate Houston TV stations broadcast their digital programming on a separate channel from their analog programs. The following is a list of digital only Houston TV stations including their website url if they have a website:
� KUHT-DT, Houston Public Television, PBS Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 9
� KRIV-DT, Fox Network Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 27
� KHOU-DT, CBS Network Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 31
� KTRK-DT, ABC Network Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 32
� KPRC-DT, NBC Network Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 35
� KHWB-DT, WB Network Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 38
� KNWS-DT, Independent, Broadcasting on Channel 52

The Houston TV stations listed below broadcast only in Spanish as a service to the area�s large Spanish speaking population:
� KXLN, Univision Affiliate (Spanish), Broadcasting on Channel 45
� KTMD, Telmundo Affiliate (Spanish) Broadcasting on Channel 48
� KACY (Low Power), Spanish Independent, Broadcasting on Channel 24

Other network affiliate Houston TV stations include: KZJL (channel 61), KHSH (channel 67) and KCVA (channel 30) all home shopping affiliates, PAX affiliates KPXB (channel 49) and KYFH (channel 33 , UPN affiliate KTXH (channel 20), Trinity affiliate KETH (channel 14)

There are also several independent Houston TV stations stations: KLTJ (religious channel 22), KNWS (channel 52), KVVV (Low Power channel 53), KTBU (channel 55) and KAZH (channel 57). The large variety of Houston TV stations is just a further indication of this area�s diverse cultural heritage.

Thursday, July 1, 2010

Free TV Show Downloads

It is possible to find free TV show downloads all over the internet. Almost every program imaginable is available. You can get all sorts of commercial if you happen to be one of the millions of people who enjoy watching the funniest or weirdest commercials from around the world.

Like soaps? It is possible to find free TV show downloads in this genre as well. If you are bi-lingual, you can event watch the adventures of the rich and famous dysfunctional families from around the world. As much as I personally dislike soap operas, they can help people to understand the cultural and religious differences that seem to cause so many problems in our world today.

Like TV comedies? It is possible to find free TV show downloads for all of the greatest comedy shows around the world. You can get the sitcoms or stand up comedians from both the past and fairly recent times. Current prime time program usually are not available.

Are you a movie buff? Free TV show downloads are the movie buffs paradise. Again almost every movie ever made is available online and many of them are available free. If you are willing to pay a small monthly fee, even current movies are available.

Classic TV your thing? - It is possible to find free TV show downloads of almost every classic TV program ever made. Again most of them can be found for free. But if you want top notch quality and re-mastering, they are available at reasonable prices as well so you can download them and burn them to a DVD to add to your movie collection.

Are you a fan of dramas? - It is possible to find free TV show downloads for many of your favorite dramas, but like the movies, if you want great quality, complete with re-mastering, they are available at reasonable prices. One of the most recent trends is for the production studio to re-master an entire season of a show and the sell it on DVD.

It is possible to find free TV show downloads for almost anything. After the sales of the re-mastered programs drops significantly, I think you will see some of these become available for free TV show downloads as a marketing technique to sell the collections.

Wednesday, June 23, 2010

First Television Invented

The first television invented is surrounded by a lot of controversy. The British say that John Baird of Scotland is the inventor. RCA corporation says that David Sarnoff and Vladimir Zworykin invented television. Most Americans say that Philo Farnsworth invented the first television. Both when the first television invented and by whom is open to debate.

The first television invented by John Baird used a mechanical image scanning device that he invented himself. It was patterned after an image scanning device invented by Nipkow in 1884. Baird used two hatboxes and a coffin lid coated with selenium. There were holes in the hatbox bottoms drilled in concentric patterns. The two disks spun at different rates slicing the light reflected from the images into rows that could then be turned into sound waves by an electronic circuit and then transmitted by conventional radio to a receiving device where the process was reversed. The image was then displayed on a simple cathode ray tube. Karl Braun invented the cathode ray tube in 1887.

The first television invented by David Sarnoff and Vladimir Zworykin wasn�t really a television but was a very primitive video camera. Zworykin and his employer, RCA, held a patent for his device. However, his device could record the images but not actually transmit then to a receiver.

Meanwhile the first television invented by Philo Farnsworth was the first totally electronic device invented. Farnsworth successfully transmitted moving pictures using his device in 1927. He applied for a patent and received one in 1930. RCA sued him for patent infringement and building electronic televisions was put on hold until the case was finally settled in 1941. Farnsworth won the case and then sold his patent to ITT Corporation

The first television invented by Farnsworth was destroyed. So in 1977, several of the people involved in the original building and testing of the Farnsworth device, gathered for a reunion at the Foothill Museum in Palo Alto, CA. Cliff Gardner, one of the original helpers, built a working replica of the Farnsworth device, which was called an image dissecting tube by hand. To see a video of the first television invented click on the link

Sunday, June 20, 2010

First Color Television Show

The first color television show broadcast in America was Dragnet, a popular show about a stone-faced police sergeant named �Friday�. Dragnet was broadcast in color in 1953. The second program broadcast in color was the Tournament of Roses Parade in early 1954. It is ironic that the first color television show was a cop show. It seems detective and police programs have always been extremely popular with the general public. I guess we really just like to hear all about how cruel and brutal one human being can be to another. Of course, way back in 1953, the show was bland by today�s standards, but still basically the typical actions show without thee profanity and graphic gore.

The first color television show was followed in 1955 by the president of the country at that time, Dwight D. Eisenhower, addressing the American people from the white house. Later in the same year, the World Series was televised in color. That year, the World Series was played between the Brooklyn Dodgers and the New York Yankees, who were bitter rivals. Thousands of fans flocked to local bars and department stores that had color TV sets on display to marvel at America�s favorite past time in living color. Until that time, only high budget movies were filmed in color.

Nine years after the first color television show, Walt Disney�s Wonderful World of Color premiered. Disney�s show was what persuaded millions of TV viewers to go out and buy a color TV set. Disney�s World of Color was always bigger than life and was also the first totally family oriented program to be broadcast in color. Mom and Dad were finally willing to spend money so they could share in the wonder that was Disney with their children. In 1962, the Jetsons became the first cartoon broadcast in color to the delight of children everywhere.

Thirteen years after the first color television show NBC pioneered the technology that made the color that we take for granted today possible. It was a turning point in television history. It still took approximately 25 years from the introduction of the first color television show for the general public to accept the new technology and for 90% of them to finally get rid of all of their old black & white TV sets.

Wednesday, June 16, 2010

Cable TV News Ratings

When considering cable tv news ratings, a number of questions come up. Do cable tv news ratings really tell us who is #1? Do cable tv news ratings accurately indicate how many people watch cable news versus broadcast?

In the last year, cable tv news ratings have tried to convince us that audiences are rising. But are they?

A realistic look at cable tv news ratings indicates that the audience for cable news is no larger today than it was several years ago. Then why are we led to believe that there has been such a tremendous surge in viewers?

It all has to do with the creative manipulation of numbers. Cable tv news ratings, which are provided to the networks by Nielsen, are often converted into annual "averages". Because of a major news story such as hurricane Katrina, which brought an enormous although brief spike in cable tv news ratings, it would indeed appear that audiences are increasing.

These �average� cable tv news ratings are the ones supplied to the press. So we will read that Fox News showed an audience increase of 53 percent. Or that CNN had a 24 percent rise in cable tv news ratings.

It all looks very good. However �averaging� cable tv news ratings creates the false impression that the figures are spread evenly throughout the year. In reality, cable tv news ratings are among the most volatile in journalism. They are consistently spiking or falling according to current news events.

The truth is that cable tv news ratings have a normal base level. They remain consistent from month-to-month punctuated by occasional spikes during rare major news events.

In mathematical terms, the median or middle value should be the one considered when looking at cable tv news ratings. Not the average for a year.

If you were to analyze the month-by-month cable tv news ratings over the past five or six years, you would find little growth. Not nearly the amount of growth cable tv news networks would like you to believe.

Yes, according to realistic cable tv news ratings, there has been a gradual increase of perhaps three percent in prime time cable news audiences. However, there has been no increase in day time viewing.

So the next time you read in a newspaper that cable tv news ratings indicate a tremendous surge in viewers, take it with a grain of salt. The cable tv news ratings on which the article is based are probably an �average� for the year. Misleading? Yes! But it�s how cable tv puts on their best face.

Tuesday, June 8, 2010

Antique Television Appraisals

Antique television appraisals are necessary for your personal record keeping, for insurance purposes, for tax records if you plan to donate the item to charity and for inheritance taxes after you die. A professional evaluation of each item is necessary to ascertain whether it has real monetary value or whether it only has sentimental value to your family. Antique television appraisals are based on the condition and how rare each individual item is.

The methodology of antique television appraisals is simple. You either take the item to a qualified professional or have them come to your home if that is more appropriate for the piece. TV sets are portable but it is probably better to get the appraiser come to your home to avoid possible damage to the set. Good quality photos taken from every angle and a video of the set working may be sufficient to get the appraisal done. You need to have the entire historical information ready such as model, manufacturer, year made, technical specifications, etc.

Most people don�t realize how much their antique TV set is worth. Usually it was passed down through the family as a collectible item or maybe they just found in a deceased relative�s attic or basement. That is why they should have antique television appraisals done. The value will be determined by the physical appearance of the set, whether or not it is in working condition, how rare that particular model is and whether there is a market for that particular item. One way to get a monetary benefit from your antique without having to try and find a buyer is to donate it to a museum, library or school to be put on display.

If you have an antique television appraisals done, you can deduct the stated value on the appraisal form as a charitable contribution on your income tax return. Just remember that an antique television appraisals is just an informed opinion of the value of the item. As with all opinions, its validity depends on the expertise and educational background of the person providing it.

Monday, May 31, 2010

Alternative Medicine Internet Television

Where do you find alternative medicine internet television? Just about anywhere. One good place to start looking are the web sites put up by independent media stations. They often provide a well organized collection of alternative medicine internet television programs you can download and watch on your computer.

Quite often these alternative medicine internet television shows are downloadable versions of shows that were previously aired on regular television. You�ll also find a great deal of additional programming that has never been widely broadcast.

One reason you�ll find independent media stations to be a good source for alternative medicine internet television has to do with money. Regular television outlets are normally more concerned with profits than program content. This is not the case with alternative medicine internet television. These programs often deal with herbs, self-help remedies and supplements which have no deep-pocket budgets for advertising and therefore offer little potential profit.

Not only is it a question of big advertising budgets, but pharmaceutical companies do their best to suppress alternative medicine internet television. Obviously, it is to their benefit to strengthen the belief that only modern medical science can provide answers to health and healing.

Despite this effort to minimize the message of untraditional health options promoted on alternative medicine internet television, interest is growing. More and more people are taking responsibility for their health through exercise, diet supplements, good food, herbs and other alternative options.

However, a word of warning about some of the claims you�ll hear on alternative medicine internet television. Sometimes they stretch the bonds of credibility. For example, you�ll sometimes see on alternative medicine internet television claims about miracle cures or a recently discovered exotic plant that has amazing healing powers.

Treat any such claims you hear on alternative medicine internet television as highly suspect. Make certain that these claims are backed by reliable independent medical research.

Also, don�t get sucked into the testimonials you�ll see on alternative medicine internet television. All of them will feature glowing reports from individuals who received almost miraculous results from taking this or that product. But whether they are actually true or not, no one knows.

Alternative medicine internet television is a great source of information about health options and ways to increase your level of wellness. Just remember, that not everything your see or hear on alternative medicine internet television is truth. So if in doubt, always check with your doctor before taking a supplement or performing any health related activity. Otherwise, the results you get may not be the �alternative� you�re looking for.

Sunday, May 30, 2010

ABC TV Summer Schedule

How can you predict what, for example, the coming abc tv summer schedule will be? Looking back at an abc tv summer schedule in the past may present a few clues.

Past offerings on an abc tv summer schedule have often included a slate of original scripted and alternative series shows, weekly movies, normally a music special and some favorite returning series that premiered late in the season.

This takes care of May, June and July. But the abc tv summer schedule for August generally isn�t announced until later. This gives tv executives a chance to make changes before settling on the fall schedule.

Although some people think it is unfair to make a new show debut during the summer, the abc tv summer schedule generally contains several. These are shows with questionable potential but are still good enough to earn some exposure. If they do well against other network shows, they will probably earn a spot on the upcoming fall schedule.

But the abc tv summer schedule can also be a graveyard for shows that haven�t pulled well during the winter. They may be moved to a different time slot or reworked to see if anything might be salvaged.

Then there are the inevitable reruns on the abc tv summer schedule as well as other networks. This is something that viewers have complained about since the early days of television.

But there is a reason for so many reruns on the abc tv summer schedule. For one, it keeps a popular show locked into the same time slot where viewers are used to seeing it. It also enables networks to recapture a portion of their production costs. Obviously a rerun costs very little money to put on the air when compared to the show�s original production costs.

However, don�t let reruns turn you off to the entire abc tv summer schedule. As noted in the beginning of this article, there are always some jewels among any abc tv summer schedule.

Checking the abc tv summer schedule regularly may reward you with a show that is destined to be one of the big hits next fall. Instead of thinking about any network summer schedule, including the abc tv summer schedule, as an entertainment desert, watch for those �first-time� shows that can add a special lift to your summer viewing. It�s like panning for gold. You never know when you�re going to be looking at a priceless nugget.

Friday, May 28, 2010

ABC Television Shows

Boston Legal � This ABC television shows has an Emmy Award-winning cast. "Boston Legal" tells the professional and personal stories of a group of brilliant but often emotionally challenged attorneys. Fast-paced and darkly comedic, this ABC television shows confronts social and moral issues, while its characters continually stretch the boundaries of the law. Emmy Award winners James Spader and William Shatner play Alan Shore and Denny Crane. The two are unlikely co-conspirators among the brigade of high-priced lawyers at Crane, Poole and Schmidt. The character Spader plays was originally introduced in �The Firm�.

Alias - This ABC television shows is about a spy who thought she was working for the CIA for seven years when in reality she was working fro a �soldier of fortune� type agency that sold secrets to the highest bidder. When she realized the true nature of her employer, she went to the CIA and worked as a double agent to dismantle the organization.

George Lopez - This ABC television shows is a hit family comedy starring popular standup comedian George Lopez. Lopez is a guy became plant manager at an L.A. airplane parts factory. He has a marriage but he wife is a strong but challenging partner. They have two rebellious children and he has a mother who is difficult.

Grey�s Anatomy - This ABC television shows focuses on young people struggling to become doctors and doctors who teach them struggling to stay human. It is the drama and heart breaking tragedies involved in medical training mixed with the funny and sexually painful lives of interns who are learning that real life only comes in shades of grey.

America�s funniest home videos - This ABC television shows was inspired by a series of successful TV specials. On each special viewers were invited to send in videotapes of their "funniest" moments. Sometimes, certain videos were grouped into themes, such as Christmas or a summer vacation, or had sentimental value to them, such as a marriage proposal. The top three videos of the week are selected by the producers and are eligible for each week's $10,000 top prize. Then the audience electronically votes for their favorite video. Weekly winners got to compete in the season finale for a $100,000 top prize. While ABC is still the weakest network, the new ABC television shows are definitely an improvement.

Wednesday, May 26, 2010

ABC Television Schedule

This page provides a list of the ABC television Schedule current scheduled for broadcast. The following is a list of the ABC television schedule:

Sunday night ABC television schedule:
� ABC Sunday Night Movie
� Desperate Housewives � prime time soap opera
� Grey's Anatomy � comedy show

Monday night ABC television schedule:
� Wife Swap � reality show
� Monday Night Football

Tuesday night ABC television schedule:
� According to Jim � comedy show
� Rodney � comedy show
� Boston Legal � legal drama

Wednesday night ABC television schedule:
� George Lopez � situation comedy show
� Freddie comedy show
� Lost - drama
� Invasion � science fiction show

Thursday night ABC television schedule:
� Extreme Makeover: Home Edition � reality show where homes are redone
� Primetime � a weekly news magazine

Friday night ABC television schedule:
� Supernanny � situation comedy
� Hope & Faith - drama
� Hot Properties - reality
� 20/20 � weekly news magazine

Saturday night ABC television schedule:
� America's Funniest Home Videos � show where people send in funny home videos and compete to win money.
� ABC Saturday Night Movie

Late Night ABC television schedule:
� Jimmy Kimmel Live � late night talk and variety show

January Returning ABC television schedule:
� The Bachelor � reality show where several women are competing for the affection of a Bachelor
� Commander in Chief � political drama
� Dancing With the Stars � variety show
� Jake In Progress comedy

ABC television schedule not yet scheduled for return:
� Alias � spy thriller
� Extreme Makeover � reality show where people have plastic surgery
� Less Than Perfect - comedy

ABC television schedule Specials
Barbara Walters Specials
� The Ten Commandments
� Micro-Minis
� Academy Awards
� American Music Awards
� Annual Emmy Awards
� World Music Awards
� Bowl Championship Series
� Wide World of Sports

ABC television schedule Soaps
� All My Children
� General Hospital
� One Life To Live
� The View
� Super Soap Weekend

ABC television schedule Game Shows
� Jeopardy
� Desperate Housewives Quiz
� Who Wants To Be A Millionaire

This is the most current list of ABC television schedule available. However, the list of ABC television schedule is subject to change without notice.

Tuesday, May 25, 2010

Official Debut Of Television

The official debut of television was in 1926 when John Baird, a Scottish inventor transmitted the first television picture from one room to another in his laboratory in the Soho district of London. Baird butyl his transmitting device from two hatbox bottoms with holes drilled in concentric patterns in them so the could �cut� the light being reflected off an image into lines that could be capture to a selenium coated disk made from a coffin lid. The rows of light could then be turned into sound waves. The sound waves were transmitted using conventional radio transmitting equipment. A duplicate device that reversed the process by turning the sound waves back into light was used to send the light to a cathode ray tube where the image was displayed on the screen. This humble beginning was the official debut of television.

After the official debut of television, John Baird went on the start the British Broadcasting Company (BBC). He also stated another company to manufacture �Olympia televisors�. He originally had three models. One was just a receiver that had to be hooked up to a radio to get the sound part of the transmission. The second had built in speakers but still had to be hooked up to a radio to receive the transmission and the third one had everything built in and was a stand alone unit.

Baird�s televisors were offered to the British public starting at the cost of 20 pounds. 20 pounds was a lot of money back in 1928. Meanwhile, across the pond, as the British say when referring to America, Philo Farnsworth was working on an electronic version of an image scanning device. He successfully transmitted a picture in 1927. Farnsworth obtained a patent in 1930. But Farnsworth was almost immediately embroiled in a patent infringement lawsuit started by David Sarnoff of RCA. One of RCA�s employees invented a primitive video recorder and held a patent. RCA�s device was similar in concept to Farnsworth. In 1941, Farnsworth finally won his lawsuit and then sold his patent to ITT. 1927 was the official debut of television using an electronic image scanning device.

So, the official debut of television using mechanical scanning devices was in England in 1926 and the official debut of television using electronic scanning devices was in 1927 in California.

Sunday, May 23, 2010

Television News Transcripts

Television news transcripts are usually available. The first place to look for television news transcripts is the Speech and Transcript Center ( The center maintains an archive of transcripts for a lot of programs.

The next place to look for television news transcripts is Fulltext Sources Online. If you still can not find a specific transcript, check to see if the station or show has a Web site or other database, such as:

ABC television news transcripts are posted in Dialog File 648.

Bloomberg television news transcripts are available through the Web ( ).

CNN has television news transcripts with current and archived news ( ),.

CBS has television news transcripts of 60 Minutes, 48 Hours and other CBS new shows are available (for $20-$30) by calling 1-800-777-TEXT.

PBS has extensive television news transcripts at ( ), including a searchable site for Frontline at ( ).

If that doesn't work and you still can not find the television news transcripts you want, you could:
� Double-check Full-Text Sources on Line by looking in the Lexis, Westlaw and/or Dialog database directories
� Call Lexis, Westlaw, Dialog
� Contact the Video Monitoring Services (VMS) of America ( ), which claims to have the broadest coverage of broadcast news transcripts
� Contact Burelle's Information Service (

TV News Show Recordings: If you want recording instead of television news transcripts, Vanderbilt University's Television News Archive posts Web summaries of all network evening news shows, plus many special reports on its Web site at ( /). If tapes of the shows you want exist, you can borrow the tapes from the archive. There are also services that sell videos of past news shows such as:
� Video Monitoring Services of America (,
� VRI (Video Research Institute, 1-year archive, 323-993-7184),
� AVR (Audio Vidio Reports, 35-day archive but generally the least expensive service, 818-763-5165)
� Multivision (1-year archive, 310-372-1697 x106).
� CNBC/Dow Jones Business Video ( provides recordings and videos of CNBC business programming.
If everything else you try fails to find the television news transcripts you need, contact the Museum of Radio and Television, located in both New York City and Los Angeles ( The museum will allow researchers to view programs from the Museum's collection in their on-site Scholars' Rooms. These are all of the resources I could find for obtaining television news transcripts.

Saturday, May 22, 2010

You Can't Do That On Television

�You Can�t Do That on Television�, sounds like censorship. But it isn�t. Not even close. In fact, you may be surprised to discover that �You Can�t Do That on Television� was at one time a popular children�s show.

The show, �You Can�t Do That on Television�, debuted in 1979, as a low budget children�s television series on an Ottawa, Canada station. It was aired live on Saturday mornings with musical guests, games, slapstick humor and call-in segments.

The name �You Can�t Do That on Television�, derived from some of the silly products and antics that were the backbone of the show. These included green slime shampoo, green soap and a blob substance called Green Slime that is still around today.

The popularity of the �You Can�t Do That on Television� show really took off when a children�s network, Nickelodeon became involved. They started airing the series once a week, starting in 1981.

Nickelodeon quickly discovered that �You Can�t Do That on Television�, was a hit with American children. In fact, the show became so famous that they adopted the green slime as a logo, which is still a fixture on today�s Nickelodeon.

After 1990, �You Can�t Do That on Television�, was no longer produced although reruns were broadcast for several more years.

Today�s generation never heard of �You Can�t Do That on Television�. But almost any kid can tell you about green slime. Not only did stuff become something of a logo for Nickelodeon but celebrities are still slimed (think of pie in the face) with the stuff every year on the Kid�s Choice Awards. Unfortunately, �You Can�t Do That on Television� doesn�t receive any credit.

�You Can�t Do That on Television�, was originally created by Roger Price, an American humorist who was popular during the fifties and sixties. He is best remembered for his zany �Droodles�. These were simple drawings that had no meaning until Price provided the hilarious explanation.

His offbeat sense of humor contributed a great deal to the original format of the �You Can�t Do That on Television� show. Many of the weird products and off the wall antics that were a hallmark of the show were a product of his playful mind.

The show, �You Can�t Do That on Television�, has long since disappeared. But watch out if you�re ever invited to participate in the Kid�s Choice Awards. You might get slimed with the green stuff. That�s the only remaining legacy of the once popular, �You Can�t Do That on Television�, children�s show. Not exactly an outstanding legacy but at least the show has not been totally forgotten.

Friday, May 21, 2010

World Online TV Crack

Why do some people refer to online television as �tv crack�? Crack is an addictive drug. But you already know that. What you may not know is that there�s another addictive habit people sometimes call, �world online tv crack�. It�s legal. It�s on the rise. And it can be life damaging. But what is �world online tv crack�?

It begins with a discovery that you can travel anywhere in the world via television. Want to see what�s going on in Russia? Tune in. Want to pay a visit to Parliament in London? It takes only a click. Welcome to �world online tv crack�.

But is �world online tv crack� really an addiction? addiction is recognized as a real problem. �World online tv crack� is simply a form of this addiction.

At the root of all tv addiction, including, �world online tv crack�, is a withdrawal from the real world. This, of course, is something of a contradiction. To escape the external world, people who get hung up on �world online tv crack� want to see as much of the world as possible through the lens of a television camera.

What starts out as a fascinating pastime gradually turns into an obsession. And because part of the world is just getting up while others are going to bed, �world online tv crack� addicts can easily spend a good portion of their day and night sitting in front of a computer.

In a way, �world online tv crack�, has somewhat the same addictive pull as ham radio...except much stronger. Ham operators spend long hours, particularly at night, trying to make contact with other radio hobbyists around the world. When they do make contact with a new operator, particularly in a new country, it provides a special thrill.

A person addicted to �world online tv crack� experiences the same kind of high. Except television, unlike ham radio, tends to manipulate your mental state. The person addicted to �world online tv crack� becomes lulled into a mildly pleasant condition of apathy, almost like hypnosis.

This person will sit for hours in front of their computer, watching movies, news casts, musical entertainment, meetings, government sessions...often in languages they cannot understand. But because the telecast is coming from a distant country, often live, it represents a special high. That�s the addictive power of �world online tv crack�.

What�s the cure for �world online tv crack�? There are any number of ways to treat non-substance addictions. But the important key is a realization on the part of the addict that �world online tv crack� is stealing an enormous part of their life. Until that happens, there can be no cure. So perhaps the best cure of all is to never get involved in the first place. Just say �No� to �world online tv crack�.

Wednesday, May 19, 2010

Write Television Commercials

To write television commercials the first thing you need to do is create and submit a creative brief. A creative brief acts like a mini-synopsis and fact finding instrument for the commercial. A properly prepared creative brief will make it an automatic task to get all of the necessary information into your commercial while allowing you to exercise you imagination and creativity to write television commercials.

A bad brief can cause you to head in the wrong direction or leave out important information needed to write television commercials that will get the viewer to want to purchase the product. Bad briefs create bad commercials and worst of all don�t create that all important the �I want that!� attitude in the viewer.

A creative brief that is used to write television commercials is primarily a list of questions. You need to use a flexible format so that you can ask the appropriate questions for the type of advertising campaign, the product and the type of media you will be using. When using more than one media is it usually a good idea to create separate a creative brief for each media.

One of the more difficult aspects of writing a creative brief to write television commercials is asking the right questions. The questions will be different depending on what the purpose of the commercial is. Is it to increase brand awareness, or introduce a new product from a well know company or a brand new product from a unknown company? Each one of these situations will require that different question be asked and a different emphasis placed on the answers.

There are three categories of creative briefs used to write television commercials, basic, advanced and quick. The following list summarizes the differences:
� Basic brief - is a brief prepared for a client you know well and or a product that you have worked on before. Since you already know the background of the company or the product, less information is needed.
� Advanced brief - is used for new client, new products or new advertising campaigns. It is an extremely detailed list of questions designed to discover all the necessary information about the company, the product and exactly what they are trying to accomplish.
� Quick brief - is used for small project, tight deadlines or well know products. It has the minimum numbers of questions needed to do the job. After all, if you are preparing a brief for coca cola or ipod, you really don�t need to gather that much information about either the company or the product.

Once you have completed the creative brief needed to write television commercials, you can start concentrating on the how you want to reach your audience, what you want to say to them and what emotions, hopes, fears, etc. you are trying to appeal. Then when you actually sit down and write television commercials, you will be able to create that all important thought, �I want one of them.�

Monday, May 17, 2010

Television Syndication Companies

Ziv Television Programs, Inc. � although syndication of radio shows had been around for years, Ziv was the first television syndication companies to syndicate its TV programs. Some of their more popular series included Sea Hunt (a show about a scuba diver), Highway Patrol (a cop show starring Broderick Crawford), Superman (the first TV show about the comic book super hero) and Mr. Ed (the sarcastic, wise cracking talking horse who was a lot smarter than his owner.)

Viacom � Viacom was the television syndication companies arm of CBS. Viacom handled syndication for network owned TV shows. They would eventually become an independent company and years later bought both paramount studios and CBS before Creating the UPN network. They syndicated programs, like Death Valley Days.

In the late 1960s, the FCC ruled that the networks could not schedule programs in the 6-8pm Fringe area of prime time. They also prohibited off network syndication or reruns during this time slot. As a result of the FCC�s ruling, a large market for Canadian programs such as the Gilligan�s Island clone Dusty Trail and game shows opened up for television syndication companies.

20th Century Fox � This television syndication companies produced Soul Train (a hip version of American Bandstand), That�s Hollywood (a celebrity lifestyle/biography program), Wild, Wild World of Animals (a documentary on animal behavior), Space: 1999 (a science fiction program) and Second City Television (a Canadian comedy sketch series).

Universal Studios- created a television syndication companies department that produced original programming such as Operation Prime Time (news magazine), The Bastard (mini-series adaptation of John Jakes� book), The Muppet Show (about all of the delightful puppet creations of Jim Hensen), The Mike Douglas Show (a variety/talk ), Merv Griffin, Dinah Shore, Phil Donahue (all talk shows).

Some of the biggest mistakes the networks made in programming were picked up by the television syndication companies and then became huge success stories such as:
� The Lawrence Welk Show - the original series aired ABC and was cancelled
� Lassie - the original series aired CBS and was cancelled
� Hee Haw - the original series aired CBS and was cancelled
� Baywatch - the original series aired on NBC for one season and was cancelled
� Star Trek � the original series was cancelled by the network and all of the spin offs have been produced by television syndication companies as first-run syndications and included Star Trek: The Next Generation, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, Star Trek: Voyager and Enterprise.

Sunday, May 16, 2010

Television Series Acquisition

There are two primary methods of television series acquisition: a national network can purchase the series or the production company can offer the series as a first run syndication program. Production companies prepare creative briefs and then pitch them to network executives. Obviously, if the series is picked up by a national network, there is less chance of the productions company �losing their shirt� so to speak. If the production company has a proven track record they may be able to get a network to order a specific number of shows or at least order a pilot of the show from the creative brief. An hour show will have a two hour pilot movie and a half hour show (usually sit coms) will have an hour pilot aired as a special. The second method of television series acquisition is to first-run syndication.

First run syndication is a method of television series acquisition that involves a production company producing a pilot of the show. If the production company doesn�t have a proven track record they may have created a standard pilot at their own expense in an effort to sell it to a network. But, if the creative brief was rejected by the networks, the company may produce a shorter pilot or just several episodes of the program to sell as a first run syndication.

National networks have been producing feature length �made for television� movies as added viewer attractions to boost their ratings. These movies usually air during the �sweeps� periods when ratings are being calculated. But as more specialty networks have been started as a result of the larger audiences available through cable and satellite networks, many networks are doing television series acquisition by establishing their own in-house production companies or hiring a production company to do the work for them. However, it these cases the network owns the series, not the outside production company.

The methods of television series acquisition have been gradually changing as the entire entertainment industry has had to change to accommodate all of the new technology constantly being introduced at what seems to be a rapidly increasing rate. Who knows what new forms of television series acquisition are just over the horizon waiting to be introduced?

Saturday, May 15, 2010

Television Schematics

Television schematics are complex drawings of the electronic components that make up the circuitry of the television set. The big board that forms the platform for all of the electronic components is called a motherboard. In today�s TV sets, the circuits are printed on the board using silver and gold to create the wires connecting each of the components. If the wires need to cross each other, a layer of a clear insulating material is placed between them. This insulating material serves the same function as the plastic or rubber sheathing around a lamp cord. It keeps the two wires from touching each other and causing a short circuit and frying the motherboard. The picture below is of typical television schematics.

Typical Television Schematics

Television schematics are used by repair and installation technicians so they know what components are attached to each other. These television schematics provide a guide so a repairman does not accidentally hook up things that will burn each other out.

Since some of the components in a conventiaonal TV set carry a high enough voltage to kill a human being, these items are clearly marked on televisions schematics to prevent injury. Conventional TVs are TV sets that use a cathode ray tube to display the picture on the screen.

Most of the newer TV sets not only have television schematics but they are also color coded to make reading them a lot easier. In the picture above, there are dotted lines around an entire section of the television schematics in the lower left hand corner. That dotted line means that this is a separate module of the television set, most likely a removable printed circuit board that can be replaced to repair or upgrade the set capabilities.

Television schematics are produced by electrical engineers using computer programs called computer aided drawing programs (CAD) that can cost thousands of dollars for each license. The engineer actually designs the individual components that go into the set by creating a separate schematic for each module of each components and then combining all of the separate module schematics into the main television schematics that will be shipped with the new television set as part of the owner�s documents.

Thursday, May 13, 2010

How To Write A Television Script

A new writer to the entertainment industry may very well ask how to write a television script. The first thing a new writer needs to do is write a TV spec or speculative script. Each spring the networks tell their show�s producer whether or not the series has been renewed. If they are renewed, the producers start reading spec scripts from writers to decide who to hire as full time staff and who to hire for freelance jobs. This same process takes place for cable and syndicated programs as well just at different times of the year. This article will explain the basic rules for how to write a television script.

Create your calling card script
A calling card script is the first step needed to learn how to write a television script. Calling card scripts are original scripts with original characters that are designed to show off a writer�s talents. They are not meant to be produced. They are a sales media for the writer to sell themselves as a writer. Select the genre you want to write for and then pick a show your really like in that genre but not the one you actually want to write for. It�s illegal for producer to review spec scripts based on their programs. Then write an original story with original characters to fit that genre based on the general story idea of the show you selected.

Master the structure
Step two in learning how to write a television script is using the correct structure for your story. Hour long shows are written in four acts. Each act needs to end with an unanswered question so the viewer will stick around to find out what happens next. Most hour long shows have three sub plots. Plot 1 is the main plot, plot 2 usually features a story involving supporting characters and the third plot serves as comic relief. The program weaves all three plots together. Sit coms have two acts and a lot more variety in how they are put together. The best book on standard TV script format is David Trottier�s �The Screenwriter�s Bible�.

Understand the Vision
Step three in learning how to write a television script is to carefully research the show you plan to emulate. You must understand what the producer�s vision for the show is. Watch the program, Read everything you can find on the show. Follow the vision in you calling card script.

Lear how to criticize
Step 4 in learning how to write a television script is to learn how to both give and take criticism. TV writing is a collaborative exercise. You must be able to share your ideas with others and except criticism from others for your work as well as give constructive criticism to others about their work. Writing for TV is all about being a team player.

Create multiple specs
Step 5 in learning how to write a television script is to write a second or third speculative script as soon as the first one is done. As soon as some one likes your script they are going to want to know what else you have. The last thing you want to be considered is a one hit wonder. Be sure to have two or three samples available. I hope this article answered your questions on how to write a television script.

Wednesday, May 12, 2010

Houston Television Stations

These Houston televisions stations are ABC affiliate stations:
� KTRK, ABC Network Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 13
� KTRK-DT, ABC Network Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 32

These Houston televisions stations are CBS affiliate stations:
� KHOU, CBS Network Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 11
� KHOU-DT, CBS Network Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 31

These Houston televisions stations are FOX affiliate stations:
� KRIV, Fox Network Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 26
� KRIV-DT, Fox Network Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 27

These Houston televisions stations are Home shopping affiliate stations:
� Broadcasting on Channel KZJL, Home Shopping Station, Shop at Home Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 61
� Broadcasting on Channel KHSH, Home Shopping Network Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 67

These Houston televisions stations are Independent broadcasting stations:
� KLTJ, Religious Programming, Independent, Broadcasting on Channel 22
� KACY (Low Power), Spanish Independent, Broadcasting on Channel 24
� KCVA, Home Shopping Station, Independent, Broadcasting on Channel 30
� KNWS-TV, Independent, Broadcasting on Channel 51
� Broadcasting on Channel KNWS-DT, Independent, Broadcasting on Channel 52
� KVVV (Low Power), Independent, Broadcasting on Channel 53
� Broadcasting on Channel KTBU, Independent, Broadcasting on Channel 55
� Broadcasting on Channel KAZH, Independent, Broadcasting on Channel 57

These Houston televisions stations are NBC affiliate stations:
� KPRC-TV, NBC Network Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 2
� KPRC-DT, NBC Network Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 35

These Houston televisions stations are PAX affiliate stations:
� KPXB, PAX Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 49

These Houston televisions stations are PBS affiliate stations:
� KUHT, Houston Public Television, PBS Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 8
� Broadcasting on Channel KUHT-DT, Houston Public Television, PBS Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 9

These Houston televisions stations are Univision affiliate stations:
� KXLN, Univision Affiliate (Spanish), Broadcasting on Channel 45

These Houston televisions stations are UPN affiliate stations:
� KTXH, UPN Network Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 20

These Houston televisions stations are Telemundo affiliate stations:
� KTMD, Telmundo Affiliate (Spanish) Broadcasting on Channel 48

These Houston televisions stations are Trinity affiliate stations:
� Broadcasting on Channel KETH, Trinity Broadcasting Network (Religious) Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 14
� Broadcasting on Channel KTFH, PAX Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 33

These Houston televisions stations are WB affiliate stations:
� Broadcasting on Channel KHWB-DT, WB Network Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 38
� Broadcasting on Channel KHWB, WB Network Affiliate, Broadcasting on Channel 39

This list of Metro Houston televisions stations is as complete a list of the Houston televisions stations as we could find and their urls are included if they have a website.

Tuesday, May 11, 2010

Kcal and Television and Homepage

Kcal and television and homepage is a search string that will take you to the home page of the KCAL local TV station broadcasting on channel 9 in the Los Angeles California area. The station is located near the headquarters of Paramount Studios. KCAL rents Stage 21 from paramount to house their award winning news department KCAL, whose website can be reached using kcal and television and homepage, is the largest independent television station still in existence in the Los Angeles are.

The building that KCAL occupies used to be owned by Consolidated File Corporation. Late it was purchased by NBC and used for one of its local Los Angeles affiliate stations. Then Walt Disney productions bought the building. At that time the call letters were changed to KCAL. When Disney studio bought the ABC network, they were required to sell KCAL. So KCAL, whose website can be reached using kcal and television and homepage, had new owners and retained its independent status.

KCAL stills maintains its independent broadcasting status, although it airs programs from other networks and the local CBS station uses KCAL newscasts. You can still see the Disney influence in the programming run on KCAL, whose website can be reached using kcal and television and homepage, such as coverage of the Disney Sports teams. They broadcast the Mighty Ducks hockey games and the Anaheim Angels baseball games.

KCAL, whose website can be reached using kcal and television and homepage, carries the Lakers basketball games. They also have the usual mix of reruns, movies, syndicated shows and award winning news shows. KCAL won more Emmys Awards than and other local Los Angeles TV Station. Apparently maintaining independent status has allowed them to provide a higher level of program quality than would be possible as a network affiliate to a major national broadcasting network.

KCAL, whose website can be reached using kcal and television and homepage, prime location next door to paramount studio would seem like a good opportunity to conduct tours for visitors to see this historic television studio. However, they do not provide tours to the public. KCAL, whose website can be reached using kcal and television and homepage, has maintained both its independence and high broadcast standards while most other independents either sell out to the networks or close shop.

Sunday, May 9, 2010

History of the Television Set

The history of the television set must start with the invention of television. The first television broadcast was in 1926 in England when inventor John Baird sent images from one room to another using his home made device. It was based a mechanical scanning device invented by Nipkow in 1884. Baird�s scanner used two wooden hatboxes, with holes drilled in concentric circles, rotating on a shaft to slice the images into rows. His collector was a coffin lid coated with selenium that was attached to an electrical circuit that turned the information into a video signal. The video stream was transmitted using a conventional radio transmitter. On the receiving end, Baird again used a radio receiver to send the video signal to circuitry that converted the signal into electrical impulses to be sent to a cathode ray tube (invented in 1897 by Karl Braun). The electron gun in the tube read the electrical impulses and shot electrons at the phosphorous coating on the inside of the screen so it would glow at the proper intensity in the correct places. The history of the television set began that day.

From this humble beginning began the history of the television set. John Baird went on to found the British Broadcasting Company (BBC). He also started the first company to manufacture television sets. An ad from a 1928 London newspaper stated, �November 1928 - "Television at Olympia" The Model "A", is a portable instrument which contains a televisor only. The Model "B", a somewhat more elaborate instrument, which in addition to the televisor contains a loudspeaker, and finally, the Model "C", the most elaborate piece of furniture, where the lower part contains two super radio receivers, one for speech & music, and the other for television!�

The era of mechanical scanning TV sets was soon to be over because the history of the television set was taking off in a different direction in the US. Philo Farnsworth invented an electronic image scanning device that worked by varying current intensity over an image as it scanned back and forth in horizontal lines reading each pixel. Farnsworth successfully transmitted an image with his electronic device in 1927. Unfortunately he became immediately embattled with the giant RCA Corporation in a patent infringement lawsuit. Farnsworth eventually won, but World War II had begun and the manufacture of TVs was suspended until the war was over. After World War II, the manufacture of mechanical TV sets was abandoned for the electron version and the history of the television veered off into the electronic revolution.