Thursday, December 31, 2009

Who Invented The First Television

Who invented the first televison? That should be such an easy question to answer. However, it is anything but easy. Ever since the invention of radio, several inventors discussed and even wrote about the idea of transmitting picture components over wires. But, who invented the first television is not that easy to determine.

Inventor George Carey wrote a paper about sending picture components over multiple wires. He is credited with the conceiving the idea of using parallel transmission methods. Apparently he never actually built a device capable of doing it. Inventor W. E. Sawyer suggested the possibility of sending the image over a single wire by scanning parts of the picture in succession and transmitting each part separately. Any idea yet who invented the first television?

So through the work of both of these men, the theoretical concepts needed for the transmission of pictures was firmly established. Other engineers such as Jenkins, Ives, Alananderson and Baird built devices that used spinning disks and mirrors that could scan, transmit, and reassemble moving images. Their devices worked and were based on an idea proposed in the 1880s by Paul Nipkow of Germany. The pictures were extremely crude idea yet who invented the first television.

But, it wasn�t until December 2, 1922 when Edwin Berlin, an Englishman living in Sorbonne France demonstarated a mechanical scanning device that an actual working piece of equipment was built. Berlin holds patents for the transmission of photographs by wire, fiber optics and radar. Berlin�s device took flashes of light and directed them at a selenium element connected to a device that could produce sound waves. Then the sound waves were transmited to a receiving device and remodulated back into flashes of light on a mirror. Made up your mind about yet about who invented the first television?
So, Who Invented the First Television?
Believe it or not, the controversy had just begun. Two American inventors were working on the problem of making television a reality. One was a Russian-born American inventor named Vladimir Zworykin who worked for RCA Corporation. The other was a farm boy from Utah named Philo Farnsworth who had a private wealthy backer. As one history book puts it, �Zworykin had a patent, but Fransworth had a picture.� Any idea yet who invented the first television?

That is such a simple question�who invented the first television�with such a complex answer. Zworykin patented an electronic image-scanning device called an iconoscope in 1923. His invention was basically a primitive television camera. Farnsworth developed an electronic scanning tube and demonstrated the transmission of television signals on September 7, 1927 and received a patent for his device in 1930. Fransworth�s device created and manipulated an electron beam and didn�t use any mechanical device. Who invented the first television? I don�t know�you decide.

Tuesday, December 29, 2009

What Year Was The Television Invented

What year was the television invented? The cathode ray tube that was used exclusively until the 1990s for television was invented in 1897 by Karl Braun in Germany. In 1884, Paul Nipkow developed a rotating-disc technology capable of transmitting pictures over a wire and called it the Nipkow disk. This was the very first electro mechanical image-scanning device and was used to transmit television until the invention of the first electronic transmission device. Any idea what year was the television invented yet?

In 1926, John Logie Baird broadcast the first transatlantic pictures using a mechanical device based on Nipkow�s system. Later Baird also developed the first color picture tube. He also started the British Broadcasting Company (BBC). Meanwhile, in the US, Charles Francis Jenkins invented a mechanical television system called radiovision. Jenkins claimed to have transmitted the earliest moving silhouette images in 1923. But, it wasn�t as clear as Baird�s transmission. So, what year was the television invented yet?

Other inventors realized the mechanical scanning devices were limited and had little room for much more improvement and they began to concentrate on using the cathode ray tube�s idea of controlling electron beams to develop and electronic scanning device that could copy and transmit images. In 1925, Vladimir Zworykin invented the iconoscope, which was a primitive television camera and in 1929, he invented a cathode-ray tube called the kinescope that could be used to transmit TV images. In 1927, Philo Farnsworth invented an electron beams scanning device that could �read� pictures when the beam�s current was varied as it played over the image. He also built a transmitter and receiving device based on the radio equipment of the time and successfully transmitted moving pictures in 1927. Has an answer to what year was the television invented yet?

It�s hard to put an exact date what year was the television invented. One reason is because it is a very complex process. No one invention could make it possible. It took several inventors many years to develop working systems. Braun created the basic component, an electronic tube that could display images. Nipkow, developed the first image scanning device. Marconi and others developed the transmitting and receiving equipment for transmission. Farnsworth invented an electronic scanning device and Zworkin invented the camera and other elements needed for recording the images. So what year was the television invented? I think it�s fair to say television was invented in the decade of the 1920s.

Monday, December 28, 2009

Watch TV On The Computer

You�re in your office. It�s time for your favorite show. You think to yourself, "Wouldn�t it be great if I could watch TV on the computer." Maybe you can. Being able to watch TV on the computer is now a reality. But does it deliver what it promises. Let�s take a look.

Here are some things to consider before committing yourself to a system that enables you to watch TV on the computer. It�s not the simple setup you might be led to think.

In order to watch TV on the computer you need to have the TV signal delivered to your PC. How you do this pretty much depends on the television system you now use.

If you are on a wire antenna or coaxial cable system, you will need a �splitter�. A splitter does exactly what the name implies. It splits one signal into two. One signal can then go to your TV. The other signal will go to your PC and enable you to watch TV on the computer. Generally, there is little noticeable loss of quality when a signal is split.

One major problem is running the cable from the splitter to your PC in order to make it possible to watch TV on the computer. Generally, the box or wall outlet used by the splitter is near your television set that may mean that the cable has to be run a long distance.

Some people use a wireless system to avoid this. It might work and you can end up being able to watch TV on the computer without a lot of hassle. But other times a wireless unit just won�t do the job.

Wireless systems are limited in the distance they can broadcast a signal. You may be able to watch TV on the computer but the picture may not be the best and you could lose your signal from time to time.

You may also need to install a TV tuner card in order to watch TV on the computer. This isn�t a difficult job but if you aren�t used to roaming around inside your PC, you will probably want this done by a professional.

And finally, the resulting image you get when you watch TV on the computer may be less than desirable, even with a quality installation. If possible, find a friend who is able to watch TV on the computer. Ask about the cost. Take a look at the quality of their picture. If you like what you see, go for it. If not, you might be better off to invest in another TV.

Sunday, December 27, 2009

Watch Television Commercials

In years past, it used to be that when a television announcer said, "We�ll now pause for a word from our sponsor," everyone rushed to the kitchen. But no more. Some people like nothing better than to watch television commercials. In fact, there are so many people who like to watch television commercials that web sites are now devoted to them.

Part of this trend is due to the fact that many commercials are just downright entertaining. So being able to watch television commercials without being interrupted by programming has become fun.

For example, one web site that appeals to people who want to watch television commercials is loaded with funny Super Bowl advertising from 1998 to 2005. Every year Super Bowl advertisers try to outdo one another to create the most entertaining commercial. In fact, the competition takes on a mini-Super Bowl of its own.

There are some experts who question this trend. They feel that people who just watch television commercials for their entertainment value end up being unable to remember what the advertising is supposed to be selling. As a result, sometimes the most entertaining commercials are the ones that rank lowest in product recall.

Of course, Super Bowl advertising is not the only source of viewing by those who like to watch television commercials. There are a number of sites that include hundreds of commercials going back for several decades. They are even organized by subject or advertiser.

Then again, there is a more serious reason to explain why some people want to watch television commercials. It has nothing to do with entertainment. It has everything to do with culture.

If you really want to get a good idea of a country�s culture watch television commercials broadcast within that country. You may not understand the language but for many commercials, this is not essential. As someone once said, "Pictures are worth a thousand words."

Education is another reason to watch television commercials. Beginning writers can learn what to do and not to do when they watch television commercials. Even the bad ones have something to teach.

Although it may seem absurd to just watch television commercials, there are many good reasons for doing so. But watch out. You could find yourself obsessed with going on the Internet to watch television commercials and miss all of today�s programming. And that means you won�t be seeing any current commercials until they�re old enough to be archived on a web site.

Friday, December 25, 2009

TV Podcasts

The word podcasting was coined to describe a method of providing the audio version of a broadcast for downloading and later listening. Although podcasting was initially associated with audio programs, it has never really been limited to audio. So the term TV podcasts is just as valid a way to describe podcasting a TV program as are the terms �vodcasting� or �vidcasting�. TV podcasting is just a method of podcasting video data.

TV podcasts provide a multimedia files containing a TV show for watching on your computer or handheld device. Podcasting is a term that was coined when the use of RSS and other syndication technologies became popular for distributing audio content for mobile devices. As people begin to use the podcasting technology for files containing more than just audio, podcasting is becoming a generic term for any downloadable multimedia file.

A TV podcast is generally analogous to a recorded television series. The program provider creates a multimedia file such as an MPEG, AVI or RM encoded file containing an episode of the program they want to podcast. . The only requirement for podcasting is that the file be accessible through some known URL. Typically only one episode of the show is included in a single file. Most podcast content is published in RSS format for use in an RSS feed although that is not required. Most podcasts use RSS so their audience doesn�t miss any episodes. The viewer uses software called a podcatcher or aggregator to collect the file for later viewing. A podcatcher usually runs in the background on your computer and monitors the RSS feed and will automatically download any new episodes for the subscribed programs.

Once downloaded, the TV podcast episodes can then be played, replayed, or archived just like with any other computer file. Here are some samples of the programs available through TV podcasts:
� Tiki Bar TV - This low budget, but well-produced series has quickly become one of the most popular video podcasts.
� University of Chicago lectures � poetry lectures are available at http://poempresent.uchicago.edu/poempresent.rss and interviews with researchers are available at http://research.uchicago.edu/highlights/research.rss .
� Elizabeth Gunness - Eric Maconaghie Rogers is distributing small pieces of his latest film via TV podcast.

Wednesday, December 23, 2009

Thomas And Friends TV Tome

Thomas and friends TV tome airs on PBS on Sunday nights at 8 pm. It is a show about the character introduced in the children�s book series, �Thomas, the Tank Engine.� The series was created by Reverend Wilbert Vere Awdry in 1945 to entertain his son Christopher who was bedridden with measles. (In 1945, measles could cause blindness and deafness if it did not kill you first. Victims were made to stay in bed in a dark, quiet room.) After he finished the first book, Reverend Awdry made his son a wooden toy engine that young Christopher christened as �Thomas�. Reverend Awdry published a new Thomas book each year from 1945 until 1972 except for 1947 and 1971. His son Christopher later added 15 additional books to the series to make a total of 40 books. Thomas and friends TV tome is based on the books.

Thomas and friends TV tome is about a tank engine named Thomas and his friends who live on the Island of Sodor. The friends work on the railroad under the supervision of Sir Topham Hatt, the "Fat Controller." Each story is amusing, fun and contains a lesson for the young listener. Parents have been reading these books to their preschoolers since 1945 because they help to tech some important values to young children.

Britt Allcroft decided to turn Thomas and friends TV tome into a TV show on ITV in Britain in 1984. The show became an instant hit. In only a few months time, more than 8.5 millions viewers were watching Thomas. The program had actor and musician Ringo Starr as the narrator. In 1991, Starr was replaced by Michael Angelis who still narrates the show today. During the 1989 to 1993 time period both comedian George Carlin and Ringo Starr played Mr. Conductor.

After becoming a popular TV show, Thomas and friends TV tome spawned a complete line of videos, train sets, games and other related toys. Thomas starred in his own movie, Thomas and the Magic Railroad in 2000. He also has his own amusement park in Japan. Thomas celebrated his 60th birthday in 2005. The little train has come a long was with the introduction of Thomas and friends TV tome to the world.

Tuesday, December 15, 2009

Timeline Of Television Invention

The timeline of television invention spans many years primarily because it is such a complex process. There is no one device that can do everything that is required to record the images than transmits to a receiver and converts that back into images again. Below is an accounting of the timeline of television invention.

Timeline of television invention 1880s - The television was invented in stages by many talented scientists who each added an important piece that contributed to the finished product.In 1884, Paul Nipkow of Germany proposed and patented the world's first electromechanical television camera. Nipkow proposed a disc camera made up of two-foot diameter metal disks with holes cut into concentric circles. The holes basically cut the picture into lines that could be transmitted one dot at a time. Light sensitive selenium behind the perforated disk would capture the moving image. This camera became known as the Nipkow Disk.

Timeline of television invention 1890s - 1897, Karl Braun invented the cathode ray tube, the basis of every TV set until the development of LCD screens. In 1890, Boris Rosing used a mirror drum device similar to the device a photocopier uses today as a camera to transmit black-and-white silhouettes of simple shapes to a cathode-ray tube as a receiver. 1907

Timeline of television invention 1920s -American Charles Francis Jenkins used "prismatic rings" as a device to replace the shutter on a film projector and eventually became the basis for his first radiovision broadcast. He claimed to have transmitted the earliest moving silhouette images. In 1926, John Logie Baird transmitted the world�s first television picture using a mechanical system based on Nipkow�s disks that produced poor quality images and was eventually replaced by an electronic system. John Logie Baird is still widely hailed as the 'father' of television.

Timeline of television invention major controversy - In 1923, Vladimir Zworikyn received a patent for the iconoscope that was a primitive video camera. He spent the next six years researching photoelectric and receiving tubes and demonstrated his all-electronic television receiver using a "Kinescope", which was a special kind of cathode ray tube. In 1927, at the age of 21, Utah born Philo T. Farnsworth developed the world's first all-electronic system of television. He got the idea for his "image dissector tube" while watching a field being plowed into "furrows". He would later sell his patents after a long and bitter court battle with RCA.

Timeline of television invention 1940s - In 1948, or Community Antenna Television or Cable TV, was first introduced in Pennsylvania by John Watson. Watson developed the first cable system when he placed one antenna on top of his appliance store and another on top of a mountain and transmitted them back and forth. Watson�s invention of the cable television industry brought television to people who lived in areas that were unable to receive conventional broadcast signals.

Timeline of television invention 1950s - Next CBS broadcasts color using its non-compatible system. The one-hour program, called Premiere, featured Ed Sullivan and other CBS stars, and is carried on a five-station East Coast CBS-TV hookup.

Timeline of television invention 1960s - 1960, inventors at Bell Labs (AT&T) began development of a satellite communications system called Telstar. With the satellites in random geosynchronous orbits, 55 satellites can provide service 99.9 per cent of the time between any two points on earth.

Timeline of television invention 1990s and beyond - In 1997, Wide-screen HDTV went on sale. In 2000, TV became available on the Internet. Who know what changes will occur in the timeline of television invention as we go forward.

Tuesday, December 1, 2009

Television Shows From 1963

Some people consider television shows from 1963 part of the golden age of television. I just barely remember some of these programs, but the ones I have seen in reruns were pretty good and could be watched by almost every family member. Certainly there was less bad language, sex and violence in television shows from 1963.

In 193 there were almost 52 million households with TV sets. It�s hard for me to imagine anyone not owning a TV. I can understand not watching a lot of TV, but not owning one?
The following is a list of the top 30 television shows from 1963:

Top 10 television shows from 1963:
1. The Beverly Hillbillies � comedy about a family of hillbillies living in a Beverly Hills mansion
2. Bonanza � western about a wealthy rancher and his sons
3. The Dick Van Dyke Show - sitcom about a TV writer
4. Petticoat Junction � comedy about a family who owned a hotel near a train station
5. The Andy Griffith Show � sitcom about a rural town�s sheriff
6. The Lucy Show - a spin off of I love Lucy
7. Candid Camera - the original was just like the current version
8. The Ed Sullivan Show � a variety show where multiple entertainers performed each week
9. The Danny Thomas Show � sitcom about a family
10. My Favorite Martian � a comedy about an eccentric Martian visiting earth

Number 11 to 20 television shows from 1963:
11. The Red Skelton Show - a comedy starring Red Skelton
12. I've Got a Secret - a game show where celebrities tried to guess contestants secrets
13. Lassie � story about a boy and his dog. The dog was super smart and tended to always save the day
14. The Jack Benny Show - a variety show hosted by comedian Jack Benny
15. The Jackie Gleason Show - A variety show hosted by Jackie Gleason
16. The Donna Reed Show � a family sitcom.
17. The Virginian � a western drama.
18. The Patty Duke Show � a sitcom about cousins who looked like twins
19. Dr. Kildare � a medical drama.
20. Gunsmoke � a western that lasted 25 years.

Numbers 21 to 30 television shows from 1963:
21. Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color - just what it sounds like.
22. Hazel - a sitcom about a maid and the family she worked for.
23. McHale's Navy � a comedy about navy men.
24. To Tell the Truth � a game show
25. What's My Line - a game show where celebrities tried to guess contestants occupations.
26. Perry Mason � a courtroom drama.
27. My Three Sons - comedy about a father and his sons
28. The Fugitive � the series that inspired the blockbuster movies a few years ago
29. The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet - a family sitcom
30. The Danny Kaye Show - a variety show hosted by actor Danny Kaye

The television shows from 1963 are not all that different from what offered today. The programs are more explicit and adult oriented. But you need to remember there were only a few channels back them so the television shows from 1963 had to be more family oriented than is necessary with hundreds of channels and a special network for almost every topic.

Tuesday, November 24, 2009

Television Plasma & LCD Televisions

Television plasma & LCD televisions are two most popular of the newer flat screen TV sets. One of their biggest attractions is the larger possible screen size while still maintaining approximately a three inch depth so they don�t take up all the space in your living room. The smaller size means they weight considerably less than a comparable CRT TV set. So let�s look at some of the features and technical aspects of television plasma & lcd televisions.

Plasma TV Sets
Between the two, television plasma & LCD televisions, plasma TVs are available up to a 60 inch wide screen. There are larger screens made but not for the general consumer because of the extremely high cost. They have a viewing angle up to 160 degrees. Plasma TVs have excellent refresh rates which mean they can handle rapid movement smoothly. Plasma TVs can suffer from screen burn in but the newer model have a built in pixel orbitor to prevent the problem. Plasma TVs have a lifespan of approximately 40,000 hours before they fade to half of their original brightness. That equates to about 5 years for a typical household�s 10-12 hour a day usage. Plasma TVs are heavier and more fragile than LCDs and must be installed by a professional. Their fragility makes shipping much more expensive. Plasmas have nice bright displays.

LCD TV Sets
Between the two, television plasma & LCD televisions, LCD TVs are available in sizes up to 50 inches wide. Larger ones exist but not for the general consumer market. They have up to 170 degree viewing angle. LCDs have a slower refresh rate which means there might be a slightly noticeable �ghost image� with extremely rapid movement. LCDS can suffer from �stuck� pixels that can cause a ghosting effect. A stuck pixel means that an area of the screen retains a charge even after it has been grounded. LCD TVs have replaceable back lit bulbs but the replacement can be almost as expensive as replacing the set. The bulbs life span is a little longer than a plasma TV set. LCDS are lighter and less fragile than plasma TV sets.

Between the two, television plasma & LCD televisions, the differences are not that great. Plasma look a little better in most environments, they have comparable life spans and picture quality. With the issue of fragility, the LCDs win hands down. With the new pixel orbitor, the plasma has an advantage since there is no easy way to remove stuck pixels. The bottom line is that between the two, television plasma & LCD televisions, it is purely a matter of individual preference.

Monday, November 16, 2009

Television First Broadcast

Television first broadcast was in 1926. The very first images to be transmitted wirelessly were done by John Baird, a Scottish inventor who lived in London. Using a homemade mechanical scanning deceive made out of two hatboxes and a coffin lid, Baird sent the images from his transmitting device to a receiving device that then displayed the images on a simple cathode ray tube. Baird�s device was simple and home made, but it worked and television history was made. The television first broadcast made by a commercial company happened in 1941. 1941 was the year that the Federal Communications Commission issued the first commercial television license. W2XBS received their television broadcasting license on May 2, 1941 and made their first broadcast on July 1, 1941.

Up until that moment, everything that had been broadcast was considered experiential television. The first licensed television first broadcast station changed it call letters to WNBT and was one of the most prominent broadcasters serving the New York, New Jersey and Connecticut areas, which is still considered the number one market in the country. This pioneer in the area of television has changed its call letters a few times over the years and is known today as WNBC and is still one of the major TV networks serving not only the metro New York area but through its affiliates, the entire country.

Not content with just making television first broadcast history, NBC has gone down in the history books for making all of these other fists as well:
� First sports telecast
� Airing the first commercial
� Airing the first newscast
� Airing the first local color broadcast.

However, shortly after television first broadcast, World War II started and all manufacture of TVs and the other equipment necessary to expand television broadcast areas was halted. Television was put on the back burner until after World War II ended. Returning GIs had money to spend and after they heard about television first broadcast, they began snatching up the existing TV sets created a demand for the manufactures to produce more. A new era in history had begun.

Saturday, November 14, 2009

Syndication of Television Programs

Syndication of television programs is the bread and butter of the TV industry. It makes it possible for productions companies the take the risks associated with making a new program without necessarily risking bankruptcy. The national networks only provide programming during specific time slots during the day. Local stations have always had to scramble for content to run during the times when the network cables were off. Syndication of television programs helped to fill in the empty time slots. Sometimes the networks would provide second-run syndication of their shows for morning and late afternoon viewing.

First-run syndication of television programs for children is frequently sold to network affiliates. The same is true for specialty programs like agriculture programs in rural areas. Games shows are another popular first-run syndication genre. Animal shows are another popular type of show. These first-run syndicated shows can be produced with relatively low budgets so they can be sold for less and still provide sufficient entertainment to keeps the viewing audience happy.

Talk shows became the next big hit for the syndication of television programs. These are also low budget shows and tend to be extremely popular in almost any time slot from early morning to after midnight. The daytime versions tend to be straight talk shows designed to appeal to stay at home adults. Good examples of these shows are Oprah Winfery, Ellen DeGeneres and Doctor Phil. The night time versions are more reminiscent of the variety shows 1970s except they combine guest performances with celebrity interviews and are normally hosted by former comedians like Johnny Carson, Jay Leno, Craig Ferguson and Conan O�Brian.

More recently, the �judge� shows became another popular variety for syndication of television programs for the daytime market. Judge Judy is the best example of this kind of program.

When planning the syndication of television programs, you would expect that a show that does well in its network run will do well in syndication, but this is not always true. The classic example was Mission Impossible, a highly rated network show that bombed in syndication. The two best examples of TV shows that bombed on the networks by became cash cows in the syndication of television programs were Fame and Star Trek. Both of these shows were cancelled by the networks and became cult hits in syndication.

Thursday, November 12, 2009

Sky Sports Television Listings For Saturday

More than 17.5 million viewers in over seven million households enjoy Sky sports television listings for Saturday. There is an extremely wide variety of choices for sporting events available from Sky, the UK�s first and most popular digital television platform. Sky sports television listings for Saturday are currently only available to residents of the UK, Isle of Man, Channel Islands, Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.

Sky sports television listings for Saturday programming gives you access to more than 100 quality sporting events for approximately �15 (~$28 USD)to �21 (~$39 USD) a month. Sky also provides an assortment of other optional components to its entertainment packages. The complete Sky entertainment package is under �50 (~ $93 USD). The individual sports offered on the four Sky sports channels include the following categories.

Football � Similar to the Olympics, British football called soccer elsewhere began as a war game between rival villages. It was an extremely violet game with serious injury and even an occasional death. However, it did keep the villagers from wholesale slaughter. After Great Britain became a unified country under a single king, there were several attempts to ban the games because they were so violent. Finally in 1863, the Cambridge rules were adopted and the �rugby� folks walked out and started their own sport. The Sky sports television listings for Saturday include football games fro all of the teams competing for the world cup.

Rugby � Rugby was another form of football played in England in the 1800s. Rugby allowed running with the ball and using your hands. Also the ball was oval in shape. The game used an H shape goal post (two vertical posts and a cross bar) allowed field goals to be kicked from the field. Rugby played by immigrants in the US eventually developed into the form of football played in the United States. Rugby is available on Sky sports television listings for Saturday.

Cricket � a game dating from the 14th century that involves bats, hard leather balls and wickets. The object is to knock down all of the wickets of the opposing team. There are 11 players on each team. The players wear helmets, with face guards, padded gloves, groin protectors for men and chest protectors for women to minimize injury. Cricket matches are available on Sky sports television listings for Saturday.

Golf � Originally a game of the wealthy, chasing that little ball around the golf course and trying to knock it into a hole on the green has become a passion for people all over the world. Major tournaments from around the world are available on Sky sports television listings for Saturday.

Tennis � One of the best games for individual exercise around, tennis has also become a world wide sport and all major tournaments are available on Sky sports television listings for Saturday.

Boxing � Boxing is a controversial sport that is popular all over the world. All of the major forma of boxing, American style boxing, kick boxing, the karate like boxing from Asia and several other forms are available on Sky sports television listings for Saturday.

Darts - Darts is game that is usually a contest between two players. The players take turns throwing three darts at a time at a segmented game board. Darts has been a popular pub game for centuries and all of the tournaments of the World Darts Federation are available on Sky sports television listings for Saturday.

Snooker � Snooker is also called pocket billiards and is a variation of billiards (pool) that is played with 15 red balls and 6 balls of other colors. All professional and many college tournaments are available on Sky sports television listings for Saturday.

NFL Football � US style football is quite popular in England and is available on Sky sports television listings for Saturday.

Motor Sports � the motor sports available on Sky sports television listings for Saturday include A1 racing, Formula one, Winston cup, Indy and cart racing from the US, motorbikes and ATV racing from around the world. In fact, if it has wheels, wings or a rudder and uses a motor for people compete with each other you will find coverage on Sky sports television listings for Saturday.

Tuesday, November 10, 2009

Scripts For Television Programmes

Scripts for television programmes can be found in two major varieties: fully scripted programs and semi-scripted programs. Talk shows, variety and news shows are usually semi-scripted. That means although they have a basic outline and specific timeslots for each segment, the dialogue is not pre-written or rehearsed. Writing scripts for television programmes that are fully scripted means you must list the complete audio and video contents for every minute. You need to figure out the content, balance, pace and timing before the actual writing starts. You really want to minimize as many unpleasant surprises as possible.

Let's look at two examples of writing scripts for television programmes:

An instructional video - If you wanted to do a program on how to operate a piece of software, you would need concrete step-by-step directions, carefully explained and each step shown so the viewer can understand everything you are saying. You want to use creative and interesting approaches to telling the story of how to use the software by using as humor as possible without losing sight of the fact that the purpose is to instruct the viewer in how to do something. This type of production requires you to create concrete scripts for television programmes.

Feature piece on exercise � The first challenge here is how to approach this very extensively covered subject in a creative way so that the viewer doesn�t immediately say �boooring�� We are not interested in explaining to the viewer the technical aspects of exercising. We want to appeal to the viewer�s emotions. Get them excited about exercising. We need to help them visualize themselves with a sculpted body like the ones they see in the program. Convince them they will feel great. Imply that life will be much better. In other words make them want to exercise. This type of program requires abstract scripts for television programmes.

Once you have determined what the intention of the program is going to be, you can determine who your audience will be. Once you know what your want to say and who you are talking to, it will be much easier to select exactly how you want to accomplish your goals. Scripts for television programmes should be interesting and appeal to the viewer�s emotions without boring them. You see, there is really very little difference between entertaining and selling. Both must know the audience and appeal to them on a personal level by either touching their emotions or arousing and then satisfying their curiosity. Good scripts for television programmes do this.

Sunday, November 8, 2009

Positive Impact of Television

A positive impact of television? Television can be considered a double-edged sword�it can be either a blessing or a curse. It depends entirely which aspect of the media you are discussing. However, there is a positive impact of television despite what the critics say.

Television has helped to level the playing field for millions of poor and rural school children. With educational channels like PBS, extremely high quality programs are available that allow teachers in the most cash poor schools to offer a wide variety of educational material to their students. Many children have never been to a museum because there isn�t one within a reasonable distance of their school. But they can take tours of the best and most complete museums with the TV set in their classroom. There is also an entire private network available to schools that offer actual classes to students, which is a positive impact of television.

This can be a godsend for middle schoolers and high school students in all of those cash and resource poor school districts around the country. Students interested in astronomy or business can listen to some of the greatest experts alive explain the subject to them. Today�s children have a broader range of general knowledge than any previous generation, in part, because of the availability and positive impact of television both at home and in school.

So are the children of today being raised with a new and different set of values from previous generations because of the prevalence and the availability of satellite television? Is this the TV Generation of the 1960s and 1970s with a new twist? Currently there are studies underway that are assessing the positive impact of television but complete answers aren't available yet. Yet, there are plenty of opinions on this volatile subject.

Admittedly, many of the programs airing on TV are garbage, others silly or mindless violent adult entertainment. But there are a lot of public service programs and discussion forums that help to keep all citizens informed about the issues that matter to most people, which is another positive impact of television. I�m not talking about news programs on the major networks because unfortunately, they tend to be slanted and controlled by people living in the northeast or on the west coast and don�t reflect what 90% of the country really cares about. Local stations and cable networks fill this void with excellent high quality unbiased programming creating a very positive impact of television.

Saturday, November 7, 2009

Plasma TV Table Stands

The new plasma televisions are the latest rage. Many of the smaller sets can be hung on the wall like a picture. But as they get larger they begin to get too heavy to mount without making structural changes to a room so it is time to go out and buy plasma TV table stands. These plasma TV table stands come in a large variety of styles, materials and colors. I haven�t seen any full fledged entertainment center for plasma TVs yet but I am sure they will start to appear in the next few years.

Give your expensive and relay cool plasma TV a safe, happy home by purchasing a dependable and sturdy plasma TV table stands. Most of these stands also include shelves to hold all of the other components.

Jon Alexander is a noted designer of plasma TV table stands offers some of the finest quality thick gauge metal and totally tempered glass in his designs for home entertainment items like plasma television sets. One of the more interesting features of an Alexander design is his progressive structure design that offers a system for routing the power cables and audio video cables in the back of his stands. His unique system hides all of the messy cables and wires and leaves an open uncluttered appearance to his entertainment equipment designs. His designs come in either the low slung traditional designs to much taller designs for use in bedrooms or other smaller living areas. All of Alexander�s furniture is made of solid good quality materials able to bear a large amount of weight. Jon Alexander�s creations start around $500.

Less expensive plasma TV table stands can be found starting around $200. Many are made of wood, but most are made of metal or metal and glass. The less expensive one are usually only made of metal. However, even the less expensive models have clean lines and good lacquer finishes so they will look good in your living room. The low slung plasma TV table stands are designed to put the plasma television set at the perfect viewing height for seated people to watch.

Thursday, October 29, 2009

Television Drama Writing

Television drama writing is in high demand. TV constantly needs new writers. They are always looking for the next big hit series or a �box office� smashing mini-series. Even the soaps need writers. After all, the soaps are officially called �Daytime Dramas�. To get a job in television drama writing, you need to first begin to watch television drama with a very critical eye. Analyze why you like or dislike a show. Try asking yourself some of the following questions:
Does the story make sense?
Are the characters believable?
Do they sound and act like real people?
Are there too many characters or not enough?
Is the show exciting or boring? Does it reach your emotions?

After asking your self these questions, go and read what the TV critics had to say about the same program. See if you agree or disagree. One of the most important talents you need in television drama writing is the ability to look at your own writing with a dispassionate and critical eye.

There are several different types of scripts used for television drama writing.

Original Drama serial scripts � these are usually a single story told over several episodes. Steven Spielberg�s �Into the West� is a good example of this type of television drama writing script. You only need to write the first episode but you do need to provide a scene by scene outline for the rest of the story.

Original drama series � networks love this type of television drama writing script. Here you need to write the pilot for the series. Concentrate on creating believable characters and a good story line.

Calling card and Spec scripts � If you are not paid to write it, it is called a spec or speculative television drama writing script. A calling card script is just designed to show off your talent. If it is really good enough, you might even be able to sell it. But the purpose is to get hired on a television drama writing team.

A common place to start a television drama writing career is writing for the soaps � continuing dramas � or daytime dramas, whichever name you prefer. Working on someone else�s story line and characters is a good place to learn the fundamentals of script writing. The first thing you will need to do is write a calling card script. This script must have original characters. Its purpose is to show the head writer or producer your original voice and how you write your own characters. If the producer is sufficiently impressed with your calling card script, they will usually invite you to shadow a current storyline. That means you will do everything that a commissioned writer would do except for the payment and actually seeing your script produced. If they like your �shadow�, you may get hired to write for the show.

Wednesday, October 28, 2009

Television Damsels In Distress

Television damsels in distress are a common theme used in action shows. For example consider some of the following scenes from recent television shows: a stay at home stripper has her throat cut while performing via web cam (NCIS), a women is killed by a nail gun (CSI Miami), an unseen force holds a women on a ceiling and then she bursts spontaneously into flame (Supernatural), a women�s severed head is found inside a newspaper box on a street corner with a snake in her mouth (CSI), a girl is found murdered in a packing trunk (Crossing Jordan). Television damsels in distress in combination with all of this violence and sex sell products and draws viewers to the shows.

Television damsels in distress have a strong appeal to both men and women. They appeal to a normal, healthy man�s hard wired natural instinct to protect women and children and they appeal to women in the same way that horror movies appeal to us by making us confront our fears. Also in all of these programs, the bad guys do get caught and punished and that is reassuring to everyone.

It is hard to believe that back in the 1960s, the A Team was considered too violent. Television damsels in distress have always been a part of storytelling but it does seem that the violence is getting more gruesome and even more excessive.

I think everyone would like to be able to save someone�s life. We all would like to be considered heroes and we all would like to think that we would do the right thing if we were put into the kind of situations we see regularly on these TV shows that use television damsels in distress to get our attention. Of course, the majority of us will never be in these kinds of situations. Most will never get the opportunity to save someone�s life through our direct actions. So watching programs that use television damsels in distress is a way for us to vicariously do all of these things. Who knows, watching all of these programs may help someone actually do the right thing if they ever do find themselves in one of these situations in real life?

Sunday, October 25, 2009

Television Commercial Script

What constitute a good television commercial script? A good television commercial script will convince the viewer that they want whatever it is that the commercial is promoting. Creating that mindset can be accomplished in several different ways. The message can be serious, funny, friendly, confrontational or sad just so long as it has the desired effect on the majority of the viewers. Remember the purpose of a commercial is to create a brand name, introduce a new product or sell more of an existing product.

Put people in your television commercial script. If people see other people that they can relate to using a product or participating in an activity, they will be more likely to see themselves doing the same thing. If they can visualize themselves doing something, it is a fairly short step to actually doing it.

Carefully plan the video portion of your television commercial script. If you are promoting a single product, it is not a problem. If you are promoting a toy store for example, pick one or two items to feature. Then get a child to play with each of the items you picked. Remember you have between 30 and 60 seconds to get your message across to the viewer. With the toy store, no matter what you say, you want the image to be of a child having fun with the featured toy. It is also a good idea to put the name of the toy or the store in text on the screen. That way even if the viewer isn�t listening they will make the mental association that �featured toy� equals kids having fun or �your Store� is the place to get toys the kids will enjoy.

The audio portion of your television commercial script must be shorter than the time you bought. Use verbal headlines. You have to get the viewer�s attention. Use as few words as possible to convey your message. Always tell the viewer what you are advertising (the name of the product or the name of your business) so they know what is going on even if they are not watching at the moment.

The audio and video on your television commercial script must match. To continue the toy store example, the audio needs to tell them about the toys the children are playing with or if you are advertising your toy store, tell them that you can get all of these toys here and maybe at great prices or whatever.

Don�t forget to tell the viewer exactly what you want them to do as part of your television commercial script. If you want them to buy a specific product, say �Get this product� or if you want them to come to your store, say �Hurry on into the store and get your toys before the supply runs out�. If you follow these simple guidelines, your television commercial script should be successful.

Saturday, October 24, 2009

Syndication In Television Work

Syndication in television work is the basic selling structure used in the TV industry. This is a fundamental component of the financing structure of the entertainment industry. Syndication in television work is selling the airing rights of a single show or series of programs to multiple broadcasters such as television networks, cable networks and independent stations across the country or around the world.

Syndication in television work is what makes it possible for many shows to be aired at all. Without it, productions costs would be prohibitive and only the largest studio could afford to invest in any new programming.

Syndication in television work is what makes all of the existing American TV programs available to broadcasters throughout the world. It is the source of �Reruns�. Most TV programming produced by independent small production studios is produced strictly for syndication to anyone who will buy the program. Almost everything that is seen on TV is a syndicated program except for the individual network�s prime time programs. Even the prime time programs may be available in non-US markets as first-run syndications. American viewers frequently get to watch syndicated versions of British, Canadian and Australian and Spanish speaking networks programs.

Syndication in television work has historically served to underwrite the cost of taking the enormous risks associated with creating new TV programming. In the 1960s the Financial Interest and Syndication Rules were established that govern the copyright ownership of independently produced TV programs. Basically, the rules allow the copyright to revert back to the production company after the contractually agreed to number of runs on the purchasing network. After that, the producers are free to sell the shows to anyone. The idea is to make it possible for a production company to finance many �failures� with one or two highly successful programs. Production is an extremely risky business because the TV viewing public is a finicky group to please. Syndication allows the producers to produce the show at a loss without going bankrupt.

Syndication in television work programs are classified by terms such as first-run, second-run, off-network or barter syndication. First-run is self explanatory. It is exclusive right to air a new program. Second-run refers to running on another network. If run during the same season, the show must be run at a later date than the first-run version. An example would be TNT running WB�s Sunday night episode of Charmed on the following Tuesday night. Off-network refers to any national network program being run on another network. The majority of reruns fit in this category. Barter syndication is where advertisers purchase the time slots associated with the program no matter where it is run. Syndication in television work is the system that makes new TV programs possible.

Friday, October 23, 2009

Surface TV Show

The Surface TV show is a prime time combination science fiction, mystery and action adventure series. The premise is fairly simple. A new species of creature has appeared in the earth�s oceans and absolutely nobody knows anything about it. The Surface TV show follows the lives of four main characters, all of whom have had encounters with the new life form.

The first principal character on the Surface TV show is Richard Connelly. He is a Louisiana insurance salesman. He and his younger brother go spear fishing off the Louisiana coast. While they are underwater they run into something they have never seen before. Connelly is an experienced diver and hides from the strange creature. His brother is new to diving and shoots it with a spear gun and is dragged to the depths and presumably killed but no body was found.

The second principal character on the Surface TV show is Laura Daughtery. She is an oceanographer living in California who discovers that there is something new out there but when she tries to tell the world, she is shut up by a government agency. She is a single parent that becomes obsessed with finding out what is really going on.

The third principal character on the Surface TV show is Dr. Aleksander Cirko. He is a government scientist trying to keep the knowledge of this new life form secret at least until the government figures out what it is and whether it is a danger to the country or whether it can be used as a weapon against our enemies. He is killed in by his second in command who is working for a mysterious gardener.

The last principal character on the Surface TV show is Miles Bennett. Miles is a teenager living on the North Carolina coast who finds an egg from the new species and brings it home and puts it in the family�s aquarium. The egg hatches and eats all of his father expensive tropical fish. Since the creature is amphibious, Miles raises this new creature in his garage without having any idea of what it really is. He gets into trouble with his parents and the authorities because of his pet �dragon� who he named Nimrod or Nim for short. Nim has the ability to zap things with electricity similar to what some species of eel can do.

After the third Surface TV show Connelly and Daughtery team up in their quest to find out what this new creature really is. Much later in the series �Nim� is killed after he saves Miles life. The show is full of mystery and suspense. The Surface TV show created by Josh and Jonas Pate of Dragnet fame and is produced by NBC Universal Television Studios. It airs on Monday night.

Thursday, October 22, 2009

Sound Mixing of Television Programming

Sound mixing of television programming is also referred to as audio mixing. The purpose of sound mixing of television programming is to take all of the sources of the audio portion of the TV program and combine them into a single sound track that is properly synchronized with the video portion of the program. I know everyone has watched a Japanese action film where the actors were speaking in Japanese and the sound track was in English. You can see the actor�s lips moving incorrectly for what you are hearing. Most audiences will tolerate that particular problem when watching a foreign film. The purpose of sound mixing is to prevent any obvious inconsistencies between what you see and what you hear from being apparent to the viewing audience.

Sound mixing of television programming combines the volume and frequencies from a variety of sound sources to get the proper balance to create the effects the director wants in the program. Typically there will be sound from music played by an orchestra, band or even a single instrument. There usually are sound effects from the actions that you are seeing on the screen like when somebody drops something. The sound effects may have been recorded at the same time as the scene was shot or they may have been created later by sound engineers and added to the sound track. Of course, you have the actor�s dialogue as well.

Sound tracks for sound mixing of television programming start out as separate recordings. A sound engineer combines the tracks into a single multi track recording that is synchronized with the video part of the show. That means that they can�t add the sound track until after the video editing has bee completed. Frequently that means they have to completely re-record the entire sound track to makes the changes that are needed to resynchronize everything after scenes have been added or removed during the video editing.

Professionals use an audio mixing console for the sound mixing of television programming. This console is a sophisticated electronic device that has the necessary electronic components to manipulate the volume, add special effects such as reverb, adjust the different track frequencies so they don�t cancel each other out and adjust the bass and treble of each track independently. Sound mixing of television programming on a personal computer is also gaining popularity. More and more independent artists are starting to use their personal computers for digital recording and mixing their work. One reason is because although the software is very expensive, compared to an audio mixing console, it is relatively cheap and perfect for lower budget productions.

Wednesday, October 21, 2009

Stuart Mad TV

Stuart mad TV is a fictional character created by Mad TV cast member, Michael McDonald. This is McDonald�s seventh season on the show. That means that Stuart is now 7 years old. In fact, Stuart has appeared over 40 times over the lat seven years. He probably would appear more often except the producers do not want to overuse any one of character no matter how popular they are with the viewers. This is a very good policy because it keeps characters like Stuart mad TV from losing their novelty and the excitement fans feel when the character appears. Considering that the show routinely beats Saturday Night Live in the rating with the 18 to 49 year old demographic, it seems like the right call.

Stuart mad TV is a character that viewers either love or hate. His is a very strange little boy with the body of a full grown man. It is the disparity between Stuart�s physical appearance and his child like actions that make for great comedy and the love hate relationship with the audience. It really is funny to watch a full grown man steal a cookie and try to hide from his mother while eating. It is something reminiscent of the great physical comedians like Jim Carey and Dick Van Dyke. Stuart has appeared over 40 times on Mad TV over the past 10 years.

McDonald was born and raised in Orange County, California. After graduating from UCLA with a degree in, he became a loan officer at a Los Angeles bank. One night a friend took McDonald to an improve comedy show at the Grounding Theater. After seeing the show, McDonald quit his bank job. Then he enrolled in Grounding�s improve program. He played with the troupe for five years. He has TV credits for Stienfield, News Radio and Just Shoot Me and also made cameo appearances in all three Austin Powers movies. In case you are not familiar with Mike McDonald�s character Stuart mad TV, check out this site, http://www.smithappens.com/video_madtvstuart.php. You will find it has several video of Stuart mad TV for you to watch.

Monday, October 19, 2009

Sound Design of Television Programming

Initially they could just record speech and by multiple sound tracks could add background sounds and music and the need for the sound design of television programming was created. After the introduction of high fidelity sound reproduction, more expertise was needed to achieve the best results with the new technology. Then after the introduction of Dolby sound, very sophisticated sound effects became possible and rather than just augment the program, sound effects, like visual effects became an integral part of the show. As a result, the sound design of television programming became one of the more important aspects of producing a TV program.

A sound designer is a member of the film crew who is responsible for all or a specific part of the sound track. Unlike some of the positions on a film crew, the union does not provide a specific definition of the responsibilities of a sound designer. This is true primarily because the position has existed for centuries in the world of theater and was introduced into the world of film making by director, Francis Ford Coppola. Sound design of television programming follows the same rules as it did in the movie industry.

Basically that means that a sound designer is ultimately responsible for all aspects of a program�s audio track, from the dialogue and sound effects recording to the re-recording of the final track. Re-recording is the process by which the audio track of a video production is created. As sound elements are mixed and combined together with the visual elements, it is frequently necessary to re-record some of the sound parts to achieve the desired final effects.

The responsibilities for the sound design of television programming can be compared with the role of supervising sound editor. In fact, many sound designers are also the supervising sound editor. This position became necessary as the demand for more sophisticated soundtracks emerged because they became expected by the viewing audiences. The supervising job for the sound design of television programming required the individual to be the head of the large sound department. These departments employ dozens of sound editors so that they can achieve fast turnaround times to keep the cost of production to a minimum.

Friday, October 16, 2009

RCA Scenium DLP TV

The RCA scenium DLP TV is a line of high definition home theater products. These are premium grade DLP television sets. They start at a 50 inch diagonal screen size. These televisions sets are base on the Texas instrument�s DLP technology using the second generation mustang/HD 2 chip that provides improved contrast and brightness. The RCA scenium DLP TV does away with the boxy styling typical of RCA�s other television sets and has a new sleek styling making it look like the cutting edge video display machine that it truly is.

The RCA scenium DLP TV has an extremely small footprint with only a 16 inch depth. These TV sets have extremely bright displays that make them ideal for anyone who wants to watch TV during the daytime or in an brightly lit room. Of course, it performs best in a moderately lit room. However these sets are somewhat lacking in deep black levels. Of course you really only notice this when watching a black and white scene like some producers use to indicate memories.

Also, like all RCA television sets, the color are less saturated than most other manufacturers. This is not a defect but rather the way RCA designs it color palettes. However, the RCA scenium DLP TV has a series of advanced settings that can actually cause the color palette to be more saturated. So if you want to that way you can change the settings to suit your personal preferences.

The RCA scenium DLP TV comes with one of the nicest remotes I�ve used. There is a forefinger grip that makes it comfortable to hold and easy to use. It had an illumination mode for use in the dark which is a really nice feature. The remote also comes with learning buttons on top that can be programmed to operate almost any type of audio video equipment.

The RCA scenium DLP TV has a number of really nice built in features that add to its value. There is an integrated ATSC tuner that is cable ready. You can use the NetConnect feature to access the internet using your TV as long as you have an already established high speed internet connection (either cable or DSL). The RCA scenium DLP TV sets come with a web browser that works with the remote or an optional keyboard you can buy for about $50.

Wednesday, October 14, 2009

New Orleans TV Stations

The New Orleans TV stations suffered millions of dollars in damage to their buildings and electronic equipment as the result of hurricane Katrina. While hurricane Katrina pounded the Gulf Coast of the United States into a water soaked pile of rubble, the local New Orleans TV stations news teams were all out in the field covering the storm. No storm of this severity had ever been seen in this country by anyone still living.

While their New Orleans TV stations studios and homes were being destroyed, the reporters, camera men and other personnel were trying to let the public know what was happening in an effort to inform them of the dangers and relay necessary information from the disaster relief teams trying to stop the flooding when the levies broke.

All though the disastrous aftermath, the New Orleans TV stations and their crews valiantly continued to bring the pictures and stories of the survivors to the American public and the rest of the world. With their base stations destroyed, many were broadcasting from nearby stations that were still operational.

It is because of the efforts of New Orleans TV stations personnel that the nation and the world got to watch the evacuation of the Gulf coast region and the poignant, sometimes sad, sometimes belligerent interviews with displaced survivors. These stories touched our emotions�hard.

New Orleans TV stations news personnel are dedicated professional who stayed and did their jobs until the National Guard came and forced them to evacuate with the rest of the residents. In the aftermath, with their national affiliate provided the hookups, the New Orleans TV stations reports kept us informed of the devastation and provided the pictures that convinced millions to send money to help the victims. We would like to thank the personnel from these local stations: ABC channel 26, FOX 8, Cox Cable, WB channel 38, WDSU channel 6, WHNO TV channel 20, WLAE channel 32, WWL-TV Channel 4, and WYES Channel 12 for doing an exemplary job at keeping us informed and putting a �human face� on one of the worst disasters to strike the US in many years.

Monday, October 5, 2009

Plasma Flatscreen Television

Until fairly recently when LCD and plasma flatscreen television was introduced, all television screens were cathode ray tubes. The cathode ray tube was invented in 1897 by Karl Braun. The cathode ray tube is commonly called a picture tube. Inside a picture tube is an electron gun that fires a stream of electrons inside the vacuum tube. The back of the viewing screen is coated with phosphorous. Phosphorous is a metal that glows when the atoms are �excited� by being hit with the negatively charged electrons coming from the electron gun. The picture is created by causing different areas of the screen to glow with different colors at different levels of intensity. Plasma flatscreen television works on the same general principles but does it differently.

Cathode ray tubes produce clear vibrant images with great color depth. The problem is that to increase the screen size, you have to increase the overall size of the tube. This results in a big, bulky and extremely heavy TV sets. Enter LCD and plasma flatscreen TVs as a solution to the problem.

Plasma flatsceen television can have a 60 inch wide screen but only need to be about 15 inches thick. They weight only a fraction of what a CRT television with the same size screen weighs. However they are not lightweights either. But they do take up a whole lot less space in a room. The screen is composed of individual pixels (or dots) however unlike other technologies these dots are made up of three solid state florescent lights that glow red, green and blue. Using a very high energy electron gun, the florescent lights are �turned on� to produce the correct color to create the image.

Remember high school chemistry? The plasma flatsceen television is filled with plasma. Plasma is basically an inert (neither positive nor negatively charged) gas. By introducing negative electrons into the gas, collisions are created and the gas becomes charged which causes it to glow. The charge causes to positive and negative particle to rush toward each other and the same signed particles to repel each other. Remember all the neat experiments you did in grade school with magnets?

The gases used in the screen of a Plasma flatsceen television are xneon and neon. They are contained in thousands of tiny cells between two plates of glass. Electrodes are placed in-between each cell and the whole thing is insulated with dielectric material and then coated with magnesium oxide. The inside of the cell is coated with phosphorous. This setup converts each one of these tiny cells into a florescent light.

Pictures are created by hitting each individual cell within a Plasma flatsceen television with a current where it connects to another cell. The charge difference cause current to flow through the cell and the gas releases ultraviolet photons which collide with the phosphorous atoms causing them to glow in different colors depending on the prosperous compound used. Varying the current controls the intensity of the red, blue and green colors in each cell which makes it possible to create all colors visible to the human eye. And that, a folk is how a Plasma flatsceen television works.

Wednesday, September 30, 2009

Picture Of The First Television

Picture of the first television are hard to come by. The first successful television broadcast was made in 1926 by John Baird. Baird was a Scottish inventor. He had a laboratory in the Soho district of London. Like most inventors he had very little money and lived on the funds supplied by �Science� patrons, who were wealthy people with an interest in science who provided money and equipment for people Like John Baird to experiment. A picture of the first television Baird invented to make his historic transmission is not available.

Baird built his first mechanical image scanning device out of two hatboxes and a coffin lid with the aid of volunteers. His image scanning device was based on an invention by Nipkow in 1884. Basically the hatboxes served as spinning disks with holes cut into then in concentric circles. The holes cut the light the image was reflecting into rows which was picked up by the selenium coated coffin lid. The coffin lid was connected to an electric circuit that could change light into sound waves. The sound waves were then broadcast over conventional radio transmitters. The radio receiver was connected to a device that converted the sound waves back into light and then the light was transmitted to a cathode ray tube to display it on the screen. A picture of the first television used is not available.

Baird also made the first transatlantic television broadcast about a year later. John Bair went on the found the British Broadcasting Company (BBC) that is still the largest television broadcasting company in England, Scotland and Ireland. A picture of the first television sold commercially was found in a 1928 newspaper ad. The ad stated, �November 1928 - "Television at Olympia" The Model "A", is a portable instrument which contains a televisor only. The Model "B", a somewhat more elaborate instrument, which in addition to the televisor contains a loudspeaker, and finally, the Model "C", the most elaborate piece of furniture, where the lower part contains two super radio receivers, one for speech & music, and the other for television!� A picture of the first television sold by Baird�s company I shown below.

Tuesday, September 22, 2009

Naked TV Stars

Pictures of naked TV stars have always been in high demand. The fact that most of the stars have sexy bodies fans just like to look at doesn�t seem to be the driving factor. It seems that a lot of female TV stars over the age of 40 and many of the reality show stars are posing naked for magazines. The over 40 crowd may be concerned that they are losing their sex appeal. Spreads in playboy or penthouse will surely bolster a shaky body image. I suspect the reality show folks are doing the naked TV stars gig for both the publicity and the money.

Survivor All-Stars� couple, Jenna Morasca and Ethan Zohn, posed as naked TV stars for an anti-fur PETA ad. They are playing Adam and Eve complete with skimpy fig leaves that leave nothing to be imagined. The ad is part of PETA�s anti-fur campaign. Now they are using sex to try to convince us not to wear fur. Isn�t there some kind of weird irony in using nudity to promote not wearing fur? Weren�t furs the first clothes that humans used to keep naked people from getting cold?

Survivor�s Jerri Manthey was paid something in "the mid six figures" to be a naked TV star in 2001. According to her manager, �"Jerri posed for Playboy because the money is so damned good. That's why most reality stars do it." Apparently Manthey turned down Playboy after Survivor: All-Stars aired because they only offered her $300,000 for the shoot.

However, some reality stars insist they've posed as naked TV stars for reasons other just money. Fro example, Sarah Kozer says she posed Playboy for after her run on Joe Millionaire not for the money but rather so she would have the magazine to look back fondly on her beautiful firm body after she got old and wrinkly. She ought to win a prize for the �best justification� of the year.

Whatever their professed reason for becoming naked TV stars, both the over 40 crowd and the reality show stars are raking in the money and all of the free publicity associated with being naked TV stars.

Sunday, September 20, 2009

Monk TV Show

The Monk TV show is about a former police detective who has a photographic memory and an ability to solve mysteries reminiscent of Sherlock Holmes. Unfortunately, Adrian Monk is also rather eccentric as well as suffering from a severe case of obsessive compulsive disorder that surfaced after the death of his wife Trudy. Trudy was brutally murdered and the case has never been solved. As a result of his mental health problems, he has been put on psychiatric leave from the police department. In an effort to convince his boss to let him come back to work, he regularly helps out when the police run into a case they are having difficulty solving. The Monk TV show airs on Friday night.

The Monk TV show is set in the city of San Francisco. Captain Leland Stottlemeyer, Monk�s boss, is also his friend and very aware of Monk�s limitations as well as his strengths. Although he appreciates Monk�s help on the cases, the captain still has doubts about whether to let Adrian Monk carry a gun or come back to work. Stottlemeyer's second-in-command, Lieutenant Randall Disher sees Monk as a rival for any chance he has of being promoted although he does seem to be gaining a grudging respect for Monk�s keen powers of deduction.

In the Monk TV show, Adrian Monk has a personal assistant that helps him do the every day things he needs to do. Sometimes Monk�s obsessive tendencies get the best of him. He is a fanatic about cleanliness. The idea of not sterilizing everything can make him faint. In the introduction to this season�s show they show Monk washing all of the door handles from his house in the dishwasher, a classic obsessive compulsive disorder behavior. His assistant is Natalie Teeger. Natalie is both a widow and a single parent with a daughter named Julie.

Emmy and Golden Globe winner Tony Shalhoub plays Monk on The Monk TV show and is perfect for the part. He manages to make himself totally believable as both the obsessive compulsive patient and the keen minded detective. That is not such an easy trick to pull off. The interaction between Monk, his assistant and Captain Stottlemeyer is hileraous. With the excellent supporting cast and guest stars, The Monk TV show is a good choice to spend a relaxing hour watching TV.

Saturday, September 19, 2009

Mash Television Show

The MASH television show is based on a book written by Richard hooker in 1968. In 1970, 20th Century Fox produced the movie of the same name. Then in 1973, CBS bought the pilot the MASH television show. The show ran for 11 years and 251 episodes. Ironically, the show was almost cancelled after the first season because of poor rating. It made the top ten in its second season and never fell out of the top 20. The actors decided to cancel the show by refusing to renew their contracts. The final episode of MASH was a two and a half hour special that drew the largest audience to ever watch a single television program episode.

The MASH television show was a new genre of program later called a dramady because it always had two story lines, one dramatic and one comedic. In both cases, they focused on character and motive. The story was set in South Korea, near Seoul during the Korean War. The story was about a group of doctors and nurses that worked at the Mobile Army Surgical Hospital or MASH unit for short. The camp was set between a mountain and a minefield in an isolated area. Wounded soldiers were brought to the hospital by helicopter, ambulance or bus. The cast patched up the wounded and either sent them home or back to the fighting.

The cast of the MASH television show consisted of the following people:
� Dr. Benjamin Franklin "Hawkeye" Pierce � an excellent surgeon who had been drafted in the army and had little use for military discipline.
� Dr. "Trapper" John McIntyre � another draftee and almost as opposed to military life as Hawkeye
� Dr. Frank Burns � regular army doctor who believed in following the book
� Major Margaret "Hot Lips" Houlihan � Head nurse and beautiful woman and regular army
� Lt. Col. Henry Blake � camp commander who tired to keep the regular army folks from court-martialing the two surgeons.
� Corporal Walter "Radar" O'Reilly � company clerk who kept everything running smoothly
� Corporal Max Klinger � a draftee who was seeking a medical discharge and frequently dressed in womens� clothes attempting to prove he was crazy.
� Father Francis Mulcahy � Camp chaplain who took care of a local orphanage.

The MASH television show cleverly depicted the horrors and agony of war, while show how the surgeons used womanizing, drinking homemade gin and being generally unmilitary and undisciplined as a way to cope with all the horrors they encountered each day while trying to save the lives of the soldiers, most of whom were just teenagers. It was the combination of the drama that touched people�s hearts combined with the sometimes subtle, some times slap stick comedy that made the MASH television show one of the all time great TV programs.

Friday, September 18, 2009

Martha Stewart TV Recipes

Martha Stewart TV recipes come directly out of her cookbooks. Those cookbooks contain recipes that range from simple home style fare to elaborate dinner-party creations. From quick and easy, others are down right elegant. If you carefully look through the Martha Stewart TV recipes, you will probably find something to grab your interest and attention that demands you try it out.

The following is a list of Martha Stewart TV recipes books that can be found at almost any book store:

"Martha Stewart Living 2002 Annual Recipes" � As original and creative as her recipes are, Martha seems to be running out of original titles fro her Martha Stewart TV recipes cook books. Each year she publishes a collection of the best recipes from the previous year. This one is no exception.

"The Martha Stewart Living Cookbook" � published to commemorate the tenth anniversary of Martha Stewart's magazine and contains over 1000 Martha Stewart TV recipes. It is a must have for the serious chef.

"Favorite Comfort Food" � This Martha Stewart TV recipes cook book includes a lot of common everyday dishes found on the average person�s dinner table like macaroni & cheese, mashed potatoes, clam chowder, pancakes, omelets, meatloaf, chicken pot pie, and more of your old-fashioned, down-home favorites.

"Desserts" � According to many people, Martha left out important details in this Martha Stewart TV recipes cook book, but this book is as much a treat for the eyes, as it is for the taste buds.

"Martha Stewart's Healthy Quick Cook" - This Martha Stewart TV recipes cook book is filled with more than 170 recipes and over 50 separate menus that explain low-fat cooking at its finest.

�What To Have For Dinner� � this Martha Stewart TV recipes cook book gives us dinner suggestions for the different seasons of the year that include 30 separate menus and over 120 recipes.

�The Martha Stewart Cookbook� � This Martha Stewart TV recipes cook book was the first of Martha's large cookbooks. The recipes can be difficult for the novice cook and are certainly not suitable for the budget-minded.

�Martha Stewart's Pies & Tarts� � This Martha Stewart TV recipes cook book contains exotic recipes for pies and tarts. This is a must have collections for the serious entertainer.

�Martha Stewart's Quick Cook Menus� � This Martha Stewart TV recipes cook book contains a lot of good recipes but they will take quite a bit of time to make so the in the title �quick� is not quite accurate. However, all of these Martha Stewart TV recipes cook book will make you a very popular hostess or provide the basis for a successful catering business.

Monday, September 14, 2009

Samsung DLP Protection TV

Samsung DLP protection TV is just one of the many brands of digital light processing televisions now available. DLP is cutting edge technology. The basis for this new technology is a digital micro mirror device or DMD. This processing chip was invented by Texas Instruments in 1987. When it became obvious that the new chip could be used for digital light processing, practical uses for this new technology became possible. One of those uses is Samsung DLP protection TV. The chip is composed of almost two million microscopic hinged mirrors where each mirror is about one fifth the width of a human hair.

To make this chip create digital video in a Samsung DLP protection TV, you must combine the DMD with a light source, a color wheel, a projection lens and a digital video signal. The mirrors are on hinges so they can be turned either toward the light source (ON state) or away from the light source (OFF state). In the ON state the mirror reflects the color of the light. In the OFF state the mirror leaves a dark pixel on the screen�s surface. The digital bit stream in the video signal instructs the mirror to turn on or off as frequently as several thousand times a second. A single DMD chip system can produce 16.7 million colors and a three chip professional system can produce up to 35 trillion colors.

The digital signal coming into the system took the original image and broke it into its red, blue and green component colors for each frame of the movie. Then these components are coded into a digital signal which is then sent to the Samsung DLP protection TV. The digital signal is then read by the processors in the Samsung DLP protection TV circuitry which coordinate the ON and OFF states for red blue and green to produce the correct colors. The human brain and the fantastic optical receptors in the human eye competes the signal processing by blending these rapid flashes of light into the proper colors so that we see the image on the screen.

Saturday, September 12, 2009

OC TV Show

The OC TV show airs on the FOX network on Thursday nights and takes place in Orange County, California. Orange County is an extremely wealthy waterfront community that from the outside appears to be the most perfect place in the world to live. However, that is only the fa�ade the residents allow outsiders to see. Underneath, Orange County is a community of lies where nothing is really what it seems to be on the surface. The OC TV show chronicles the lives of two families of Orange County.

Sometime, I really would like to see a TV show about a wealthy family who were good decent people with decent moral values where the members led normal lives. I seriously doubt that will ever happen because the poor and middle class need show like The OC TV show to help them believe that being rich isn�t going to solve all of their problems. It makes the average person less envious of the wealthy. Of course, people are human and family and romantic relationships are problematic no matter what level of society you inhabit. That is a universal truth exploited by TV dramas.

The OC TV show portrays Orange County as a world of shifting loyalties where family members live secret lives they keep hidden from their family and most others as well. The main character is Ryan Atwood, a troubled teen from a middle class family when gets dumped into the middle of this materially fabulous world after being invited to stay in his public defender, Sandy Cohen�s guest house for a while. Kristen, Sandy�s wife, is worried that Ryan will be a bad influence on her son, Seth. Seth is a dreamer and not very popular with the other teenagers in the OC.

The OC TV show is a story of family relationships and how three young people transition from teenager to adult. The Coopers live next door to the Cohens. Their daughter Marrissa is a beautiful girl who seems to have a very easy life. Her father is a chronic adulterer and his affairs threaten to destroy his daughter�s view of the world. The program delves into the intricacies of parent child relationships as well as the interaction between husbands and wives when dealing with their children. The OC TV show follows the lives of two families and the outside in their mist.

Friday, September 11, 2009

NCIS TV Show

The NCIS TV show is about program about the activities and responsibilities of the Naval Criminal Investigative Service or NCIS. They are basically the detective division of the Navy�s police force and investigate any crimes that involve either naval or marine personnel. NCIS operates outside the normal military chain of command because some independence is necessary to be able to investigate military personnel regardless of rank. The NCIS TV show chronicles the exploits of one of the agency�s crack teams.

The lead investigator on the NCIS TV show is a former marine sniper named Jethro Gibbs. Gibbs is a skilled investigator who is smart, tough and willing to bend, but not break, the rules in order to get the job done. Gibbs has been married several times and spends his off duty hours building a boat in his basement using hand tools. The boat seems to be a form of therapy for Gibbs.

Working under Gibbs on the NCIS TV show is Agent Anthony Dinozzo who is a former homicide detective from Baltimore who joined NCIS a few years ago and has all the street smarts you would expect from a city cop. Dinozzo considers himself a �player� and wines and dines the ladies and lives for his car

The NCIS TV show has a very gifted forensic scientist in Agent Abby Sciuto. Abby is a Goethe and wears the black clothes and makeup and has all of the weirdness you would expect from someone who embraces the Goethe lifestyle. For example, she sleeps in a coffin.

The NCIS TV show has an eccentric medical in Dr. Donald "Ducky" Mallard. Ducky is an English gentleman who can go on and on about the most unrelated topics while performing autopsies.

Last season on the NCIS TV show, Agent Caitlin Todd, a former secret service agent assigned to protect the president was killed while chasing a Hamas terrorist. She has been replaced by Ziva David, an Israeli Mosad agent on loan to the NCIS. Ziva is smart, ruthless and also somewhat funny as she frequently makes blunders due to cultural differences.

The NCIS TV show has agent Tim McGee as a balance to Dinozzo. McGee is an MIT graduate and a computer nerd whose skills compliment Abby�s and really give them an advantage over the criminals they routinely deal with. To add more spice to the NCIS TV show, this season NCIS got a new director, Jenny Shepard, who is a former black ops agent who both worked with Gibbs and was his former lover. All in all NCIS is an excellent TV program.

Wednesday, September 9, 2009

Mad TV

Mad TV is pretty much a video version of the magazine that inspired the show. The magazine was known for its sarcastic, off the wall treatment of almost every topic imaginable. Politics and entertainment seemed to be major targets for its cutting humor. Mad TV is a zany late night comedy sketch program. The show is somewhat reminiscent of SCTV but with an even more irreverent and bizarre take on the universe. One of its most popular features is the parodies of popular movies, TV shows and music done with their characteristic sarcastic, yet tongue in cheek style. Mad TV is a late night must from many viewers.

Since Mad TV premiered in 1995, it has featured hundreds of guest stars, bands and singers. They not only make fun of them but they will invite the star onto the show to perform as well. Their guests have included some of the biggest name in Hollywood such as Susan Sarandon, Kathy Bates, Jack Black, Dennis Hopper, David Alan Grier, Halle Berry, George Carlin, Seth Green, Martin Short, Jackie Chan, Snoop Dogg, LL Cool J, Queen Latifah, Drew Barrymore, Jon Heder, Ludacris, Nicole Richie, Alanis Morrisette, Avril Lavigne, Nelly, Ryan Reynolds, Don Cheadle, Outkast and Green Day.

During the past 10 years, the highly innovative cast of Mad TV has created a swarm of original characters such as Ms. Swan, Stuart, Lorraine, Dot, Trina, UBS Guy and Bunifa. There are other original characters on the show but these are the most popular. During this 10 year reign, there have been over 30 different cast members. After establishing themselves on Mad TV, many have moved on to star in film, TV and radio,

The current full-time Mad TV cast members include: Bobby Lee, Arden Myrin, Daniele Gaither, Frank Caliendo, Ike Barinholtz, Jordan Peele, Keegan-Michael Key, Michael McDonald, Nicole Parker and Stephnie Weir.

MAD TV has been nominated for a number of Emmy awards over the past 10 years and has won Emmys for the both its Hair and Wardrobe departments. Mad TV currently airs on FOX every Saturday night. Syndicated reruns of Mad TV can be seen on Comedy Central six days a week.

Tuesday, September 8, 2009

Martha Stewart Recipe Television

Martha Stewart was famous as a television show host for Martha Stewart recipe television, for her award-winning magazine, Martha Stewart Living and her bestselling product lines. Now she has become infamous for going to prison for insider trading. She is considered the guide for stylish living and is usually hated by most working women who just don�t have the time to do everything she suggests on her program. She is definitely one of those people you love to hate. Martha Stewart recipe television has spawned several successful cook books.

Martha Stewart recipe television was inspired by her mother. Martha was raised in Nutley, New Jersey. She is one of six children. Martha developed her passion for cooking, gardening and being a home maker as a child. Her mother was a schoolteacher and homemaker. Martha learned the basics of cooking, baking, canning, and sewing from her mother. Her father was a pharmaceutical salesman, who loved to garden and spent most of his free time teaching Martha everything her new about gardening.

Although Martha Stewart recipe television was inspired by her mother�s training, her background as a stock broker after graduating from college provided her with the necessary business acumen to make her first business a success. She established a catering business with her husband and daughter. She had a knack for using great visual presentation of the food and creating unique recipes for her catered events. These skills provided the material for her first book, Entertaining. Some of the other ventures that grew out of this foundation are: the Martha Stewart Living magazine and widely syndicated television show; Martha Stewart Weddings magazine, the Everyday Food magazine and the PBS television show; Martha Stewart Everyday mass-market merchandise sold at Kmart; and Martha Stewart Signature Furniture with Bernhardt.

From its humble beginnings, Martha Stewart recipe television had developed into the Martha Stewart multi-media empire. She is as influential a business celebrity as Donald Trump. In fact, some people have called her a female version of �the Donald�. He is probably one of the best know, if not the most notorious, female head of a large corporation. She certainly has come a long way since Martha Stewart recipe television first began.

Sunday, September 6, 2009

Mad TV Cast

Nicole Parker, a member of the Mad TV cast, is a graduate of Indiana University, and is from Irvine, CA. Stand-up comedian Frank Caliendo, another member of the Mad TV cast, made his network series debut on the sketch comedy series �Hype.� Caliendo graduated from the University of Wisconsin- Milwaukee where he majored in broadcast journalism.

Bobby Lee, a member of the Mad TV cast, is a native of San Diego, CA. While working at his family�s clothing store, Lee was spotted by Frank Burns, the legendary manager of La Jolla's Comedy Store and offered a gig there.

Comedienne Stephnie Weir, a member of the Mad TV cast, studied broadcasting and theater at Odessa (Texas) Junior College. She went on to earn a degree in anthropology and women�s studies at Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville.

Michael McDonald, a member of the Mad TV cast, is currently in his eight season. He is scheduled for a couple of episodes of the show this season.

Daniele Gaither, a member of the Mad TV cast, is also a member of The Groundlings' current revue. Gaither attended Northwestern University and is from St. Paul, MN.

Keegan-Michael Key, a member of the Mad TV cast, was a member of the Second City-Detroit Main stage for almost four years, where he performed and wrote 11 revues. Key is a founding member of The Planet Ant Theatre Company in Hamtramck, MI.

Ike Barinholtz, a member of the Mad TV cast, is a native of Chicago. Barinholtz lives in Los Angeles with his dog. This is his fifth season on Mad TV.

Arden Myrin, a member of the Mad TV cast, Myrin�s credits include film, television and theater. Myrin graduated with a degree in theater from Colorado College. She currently resides in Los Angeles and this is her first season on Mad TV.

Jordan Peele, a member of the Mad TV cast, is returning for his third season. Peele trained at Chicago's famed Second City. Peele attended Sarah Lawrence College and is from New York, NY.

The Mad TV cast have an impressive list of credits. The Mad TV cast are a very talented bunch of comic actors. Their skills and dedication make Mad TV the irreverent and hilariously funny show that it is.

Thursday, September 3, 2009

Lost TV Show

The Lost TV show is a drama about plane crash survivors. The program was created by J.J. Abrams (Alias), and Damon Lindelof (Crossing Jordan). The Lost TV show is an adventure with continual action that will bring out both the best and worst in the crash survivors.

The Lost TV show opened with the plane crash and then the panic as the survivors began to awaken. There are 48 survivors. They needed to scavenge whatever they could from the plane that might help them all to survive until they are rescued. This group of people some of them friends, family and even enemies, but most strangers must learn to work together if they are to survive long enough to be rescued. They are stranded on an island. There are howling creatures in the jungle that strike fear in many of the people.

Jack, who is a member of the Lost TV Show cast, is a doctor who eventually becomes the leader of the group.

Kate, who is a member of the Lost TV Show cast, has no medical training but volunteers to help the doctor treat all of the injured people , including the doctor.

Hurley, who is a member of the Lost TV Show cast, is a man who tries to help everyone around him cope by using his gentle sense of humor to ease the tensions.

Charlie, who is a member of the Lost TV Show cast, is a washed up rock star who is hiding a very painful secret.

Sayid, who is a member of the Lost TV Show cast, is a Middle Eastern man who must deal with the outright racial prejudice directed at him by some of his fellow survivors

Jin and Sun, who are members of the Lost TV Show cast, are a Korean couple whose English is poor and whose old country customs and traditions cause a lot of misunderstandings.

Sawyer, who is a member of the Lost TV Show cast, is a man who doesn�t seem to trust anybody, a trait that could prove fatal.

Michael and Walt, who are members of the Lost TV Show cast, are father and son. Dad just got custody of nine year old Walt after his mother died and hardly knows the boy

Locke, who is a member of the Lost TV Show cast, seems to have some sort of deep connection to the island as impossible as that may seem. He tends to keep to himself.

Shannon, who is a member of the Lost TV Show cast, is a self centered woman who actually gave herself a pedicure rather than help others right after the crash.

Boone, who is a member of the Lost TV Show cast, is Shannon�s estranged brother who seems to want to control her. All they do is fight with each other. With these folks as members of the group, The Lost TV show promises to provide many hours of entertainment to the viewer.